Quickstart: Compose and WordPressEstimated reading time: 2 minutes
You can use Docker Compose to easily run WordPress in an isolated environment built with Docker containers. This quick-start guide demonstrates how to use Compose to set up and run WordPress. Before starting, you’ll need to have Compose installed.
Define the project
Create an empty project directory.
You can name the directory something easy for you to remember. This directory is the context for your application image. The directory should only contain resources to build that image.
This project directory will contain a
docker-compose.ymlfile which will be complete in itself for a good starter wordpress project.
Tip: You can use either a
.yamlextension for this file. They both work.
Change directories into your project directory.
For example, if you named your directory
docker-compose.ymlfile that will start your
WordPressblog and a separate
MySQLinstance with a volume mount for data persistence:
version: '2' services: db: image: mysql:5.7 volumes: - db_data:/var/lib/mysql restart: always environment: MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: wordpress MYSQL_DATABASE: wordpress MYSQL_USER: wordpress MYSQL_PASSWORD: wordpress wordpress: depends_on: - db image: wordpress:latest ports: - "8000:80" restart: always environment: WORDPRESS_DB_HOST: db:3306 WORDPRESS_DB_PASSWORD: wordpress volumes: db_data:
NOTE: The docker volume
db_datawill persist any updates made by wordpress to the database. Learn more about docker volumes
Build the project
docker-compose up -d from your project directory.
This pulls the needed images, and starts the wordpress and database containers, as shown in the example below.
$ docker-compose up -d Creating network "my_wordpress_default" with the default driver Pulling db (mysql:5.7)... 5.7: Pulling from library/mysql efd26ecc9548: Pull complete a3ed95caeb02: Pull complete ... Digest: sha256:34a0aca88e85f2efa5edff1cea77cf5d3147ad93545dbec99cfe705b03c520de Status: Downloaded newer image for mysql:5.7 Pulling wordpress (wordpress:latest)... latest: Pulling from library/wordpress efd26ecc9548: Already exists a3ed95caeb02: Pull complete 589a9d9a7c64: Pull complete ... Digest: sha256:ed28506ae44d5def89075fd5c01456610cd6c64006addfe5210b8c675881aff6 Status: Downloaded newer image for wordpress:latest Creating my_wordpress_db_1 Creating my_wordpress_wordpress_1
Bring up WordPress in a web browser
If you’re using Docker Machine, then
docker-machine ip MACHINE_VM gives you the machine address and you can open
http://MACHINE_VM_IP:8000 in a browser.
At this point, WordPress should be running on port
8000 of your Docker Host,
and you can complete the “famous five-minute installation” as a WordPress
NOTE: The WordPress site will not be immediately available on port
because the containers are still being initialized and may take a couple of
minutes before the first load.
docker-compose down will remove the containers and default network, but
preserve your wordpress database.
docker-compose down --volumes will remove
the containers, default network, and the wordpress database.