Code blocks

Rouge provides lots of different code block "hints". If you leave off the hint, it tries to guess and sometimes gets it wrong. These are just a few hints that we use often.

Variables

If your example contains a placeholder value that's subject to change, use the format <[A-Z_]+> for the placeholder value: <MY_VARIABLE>

export name=<MY_NAME>

This syntax is reserved for variable names, and will cause the variable to be rendered in a special color and font style.

Highlight lines

incoming := map[string]interface{}{
    "asdf": 1,
    "qwer": []interface{}{},
    "zxcv": []interface{}{
        map[string]interface{}{},
        true,
        int(1e9),
        "tyui",
    },
}    
```go {hl_lines=[7,8]}
incoming := map[string]interface{}{
    "asdf": 1,
    "qwer": []interface{}{},
    "zxcv": []interface{}{
        map[string]interface{}{},
        true,
        int(1e9),
        "tyui",
    },
}   
```

Bash

Use the bash language code block when you want to show a Bash script:

#!/usr/bin/bash
echo "deb https://packages.docker.com/1.12/apt/repo ubuntu-trusty main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list

If you want to show an interactive shell, use console instead. In cases where you use console, make sure to add a dollar character for the user sign:

$ echo "deb https://packages.docker.com/1.12/apt/repo ubuntu-trusty main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list

Go

incoming := map[string]interface{}{
    "asdf": 1,
    "qwer": []interface{}{},
    "zxcv": []interface{}{
        map[string]interface{}{},
        true,
        int(1e9),
        "tyui",
    },
}

PowerShell

Install-Module DockerMsftProvider -Force
Install-Package Docker -ProviderName DockerMsftProvider -Force
[System.Environment]::SetEnvironmentVariable("DOCKER_FIPS", "1", "Machine")
Expand-Archive docker-18.09.1.zip -DestinationPath $Env:ProgramFiles -Force

Python

return html.format(name=os.getenv('NAME', "world"), hostname=socket.gethostname(), visits=visits)

Ruby

docker_service 'default' do
  action [:create, :start]
end

JSON

"server": {
  "http_addr": ":4443",
  "tls_key_file": "./fixtures/notary-server.key",
  "tls_cert_file": "./fixtures/notary-server.crt"
}

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Welcome to nginx!</title>
</head>
</html>

Markdown

# Hello

If you want to include a triple-fenced code block inside your code block, you can wrap your block in a quadruple-fenced code block:

````markdown
# Hello

```go
log.Println("did something")
```
````

ini

[supervisord]
nodaemon=true

[program:sshd]
command=/usr/sbin/sshd -D

Dockerfile

# syntax=docker/dockerfile:1

FROM ubuntu

RUN apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 --recv-keys B97B0AFCAA1A47F044F244A07FCC7D46ACCC4CF8

RUN echo "deb http://apt.postgresql.org/pub/repos/apt/ precise-pgdg main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgdg.list

RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y python-software-properties software-properties-common postgresql-9.3 postgresql-client-9.3 postgresql-contrib-9.3

# Note: The official Debian and Ubuntu images automatically ``apt-get clean``
# after each ``apt-get``

USER postgres

RUN    /etc/init.d/postgresql start &&\
    psql --command "CREATE USER docker WITH SUPERUSER PASSWORD 'docker';" &&\
    createdb -O docker docker

RUN echo "host all  all    0.0.0.0/0  md5" >> /etc/postgresql/9.3/main/pg_hba.conf

RUN echo "listen_addresses='*'" >> /etc/postgresql/9.3/main/postgresql.conf

EXPOSE 5432

VOLUME  ["/etc/postgresql", "/var/log/postgresql", "/var/lib/postgresql"]

CMD ["/usr/lib/postgresql/9.3/bin/postgres", "-D", "/var/lib/postgresql/9.3/main", "-c", "config_file=/etc/postgresql/9.3/main/postgresql.conf"]

YAML

authorizedkeys:
  image: dockercloud/authorizedkeys
  deployment_strategy: every_node
  autodestroy: always
  environment:
    - AUTHORIZED_KEYS=ssh-rsa AAAAB3Nsomelongsshkeystringhereu9UzQbVKy9o00NqXa5jkmZ9Yd0BJBjFmb3WwUR8sJWZVTPFL
  volumes:
    /root:/user:rw