Deploy an app from the CLI

Estimated reading time: 3 minutes

With Docker Universal Control Plane you can deploy your apps from the CLI, using docker-compose.yml files. In this example, we’re going to deploy an application that allows users to vote on whether they prefer cats or dogs.

Get a client certificate bundle

Docker UCP secures your Docker swarm with role-based access control, so that only authorized users can deploy applications. To be able to run Docker commands on a swarm managed by UCP, you need to configure your Docker CLI client to authenticate to UCP using client certificates.

Learn how to set your CLI to use client certificates.

Deploy the voting app

The application we’re going to deploy is composed of several services:

  • vote: The web application that presents the voting interface via port 5000
  • result: A web application that displays the voting results via port 5001
  • visualizer: A web application that shows a map of the deployment of the various services across the available nodes via port 8080
  • redis: Collects raw voting data and stores it in a key/value queue
  • db: A PostgreSQL service which provides permanent storage on a host volume
  • worker: A background service that transfers votes from the queue to permanent storage

After setting up your Docker CLI client to authenticate using client certificates, create a file named docker-compose.yml with the following contents:

version: "3"
services:

  redis:
    image: redis:alpine
    ports:
      - "6379"
    networks:
      - frontend
    deploy:
      replicas: 2
      update_config:
        parallelism: 2
        delay: 10s
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
  db:
    image: postgres:9.4
    volumes:
      - db-data:/var/lib/postgresql/data
    networks:
      - backend
    deploy:
      placement:
        constraints: [node.role == manager]
  vote:
    image: manomarks/examplevotingapp_vote
    ports:
      - 5000:80
    networks:
      - frontend
    depends_on:
      - redis
    deploy:
      replicas: 6
      update_config:
        parallelism: 2
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
  result:
    image: manomarks/examplevotingapp_result
    ports:
      - 5001:80
    networks:
      - backend
    deploy:
      replicas: 2
      update_config:
        parallelism: 2
        delay: 10s
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure

  worker:
    image: manomarks/examplevotingapp_worker
    networks:
      - frontend
      - backend
    deploy:
      mode: replicated
      replicas: 2
      labels: [APP=VOTING]
      restart_policy:
        condition: on-failure
        delay: 10s
        max_attempts: 3
        window: 120s
      placement:
        constraints: [node.role == worker]
  visualizer:
    image: manomarks/visualizer
    ports:
      - "8080:8080"
    stop_grace_period: 1m30s
    volumes:
      - "/var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock"

networks:
  frontend:
  backend:

volumes:
  db-data:

You can define services in this YAML file that feature a deploy: key, which schedules the containers on certain nodes, defines their restart behavior, configures the number of replicas, and so on. These features are provided by the Compose V3 file format, which is currently in beta. You can read the pre-release documentation for Compose V3 on Docker’s preview URL for the upcoming Compose documentation.

In your command line, navigate to the place where you’ve created the docker-compose.yml file and deploy the application to UCP by running docker stack deploy and giving the application a name, such as “VotingApp” used here:

docker stack deploy --compose-file docker-compose.yml VotingApp

Test that the voting app is up and running using docker stack services:

$ docker stack services VotingApp

ID            NAME                  MODE        REPLICAS  IMAGE
df7uqiqyqi1n  VotingApp_visualizer  replicated  1/1       manomarks/visualizer:latest
f185w6xnjibe  VotingApp_result      replicated  2/2       manomarks/examplevotingapp_result:latest
hh8qzlrjsgyl  VotingApp_redis       replicated  2/2       redis:alpine
hyvo9xfbzoat  VotingApp_db          replicated  1/1       postgres:9.4
op3z6z5ri4k3  VotingApp_worker      replicated  1/2       manomarks/examplevotingapp_worker:latest
umoqinuwegzj  VotingApp_vote        replicated  6/6       manomarks/examplevotingapp_vote:latest

As you saw earlier, a service called visualizer was deployed and published to port 8080. Visiting that port accesses the running instance of the visualizer service in your browser, which shows a map of how this application was deployed:

Screenshot of visualizer

Here you can see some of the characteristics of the deployment specification from the Compose file in play. For example, the manager node is running the PostgreSQL container, as configured by setting [node.role == manager] as a constraint in the deploy key for the db service.

Cleanup

When you’re all done, you can take down the entire stack by using docker stack rm:

$ docker stack rm VotingApp

Removing service VotingApp_visualizer
Removing service VotingApp_result
Removing service VotingApp_redis
Removing service VotingApp_db
Removing service VotingApp_worker
Removing service VotingApp_vote
Removing network VotingApp_backend
Removing network VotingApp_frontend
Removing network VotingApp_default

Where to go next

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