Get started with Docker for Mac

Estimated reading time: 16 minutes

Welcome to Docker for Mac!

Docker is a full development platform for creating containerized apps, and Docker for Mac is the best way to get started with Docker on a Mac.

Already have Docker for Mac? If you already have Docker for Mac installed, and are ready to get started, skip down to Step 2. Check versions of Docker Engine, Compose, and Machine to work through the rest of the Docker for Mac tour, or jump over to getting started tutorials at Learn Docker.

Download Docker for Mac

If you have not already done so, please install Docker for Mac. You can download installers from the stable or beta channel. For more about stable and beta channels, see the FAQs.

Stable channel Beta channel
This installer is fully baked and tested, and comes with the latest GA version of Docker Engine.

This is the best channel to use if you want a reliable platform to work with.

These releases follow a version schedule with a longer lead time than the betas, synched with Docker Engine releases and hotfixes.

On the stable channel, you can select whether to send usage statistics and other data.
This installer offers cutting edge features and comes with the experimental version of Docker Engine, described in the Docker Experimental Features README on GitHub.

This is the best channel to use if you want to experiment with features under development, and can weather some instability and bugs. This channel is a continuation of the beta program, where you can provide feedback as the apps evolve. Releases are typically more frequent than for stable, often one or more per month.

We collect usage data on betas across the board.
Get Docker for Mac (stable)

Download checksum: Docker.dmg SHA256
Get Docker for Mac (beta)

Download checksum: Docker.dmg SHA256

Important Notes:

  • Docker for Mac requires OS X El Capitan 10.11 or newer macOS release running on a 2010 or newer Mac, with Intel’s hardware support for MMU virtualization. The app will run on 10.10.3 Yosemite, but with limited support. Please see What to know before you install for a full explanation and list of prerequisites.

  • You can switch between beta and stable versions, but you must have only one app installed at a time. Also, you will need to save images and export containers you want to keep before uninstalling the current version before installing another. For more about this, see the FAQs about beta and stable channels.

What to know before you install

  • README FIRST for Docker Toolbox and Docker Machine users: If you are already running Docker on your machine, first read Docker for Mac vs. Docker Toolbox to understand the impact of this installation on your existing setup, how to set your environment for Docker for Mac, and how the two products can coexist.

  • Relationship to Docker Machine: Installing Docker for Mac does not affect machines you created with Docker Machine. You’ll get the option to copy containers and images from your local default machine (if one exists) to the new Docker for Mac HyperKit VM. When you are running Docker for Mac, you do not need Docker Machine nodes running at all locally (or anywhere else). With Docker for Mac, you have a new, native virtualization system running (HyperKit) which takes the place of the VirtualBox system. To learn more, see Docker for Mac vs. Docker Toolbox.

  • System Requirements: Docker for Mac will launch only if all of these requirements are met.

    • Mac must be a 2010 or newer model, with Intel’s hardware support for memory management unit (MMU) virtualization; i.e., Extended Page Tables (EPT) and Unrestricted Mode.

    • OS X El Capitan 10.11 and newer macOS releases are supported. At a minimum, Docker for Mac requires macOS Yosemite 10.10.3 or newer, with the caveat that going forward 10.10.x is a use-at-your-own risk proposition.

    • Starting with Docker for Mac stable release 1.13 (upcoming), and concurrent Beta releases, we will no longer address issues specific to OS X Yosemite 10.10. In future releases, Docker for Mac could stop working on OS X Yosemite 10.10 due to the deprecated status of this OS X version. We recommend upgrading to the latest version of macOS.

    • At least 4GB of RAM

    • VirtualBox prior to version 4.3.30 must NOT be installed (it is incompatible with Docker for Mac)

    Note: If your system does not satisfy these requirements, you can install Docker Toolbox, which uses Oracle Virtual Box instead of HyperKit.

Step 1. Install and Run Docker for Mac

  1. Double-click Docker.dmg to open the installer, then drag Moby the whale to the Applications folder.

    Install Docker app

    You will be asked to authorize Docker.app with your system password during the install process. Privileged access is needed to install networking components and links to the Docker apps.

  2. Double-click Docker.app to start Docker.

    Docker app in Hockeyapp

    The whale in the top status bar indicates that Docker is running, and accessible from a terminal.

    Whale in menu bar

    If you just installed the app, you also get a success message with suggested next steps and a link to this documentation. Click the whale () in the status bar to dismiss this popup.

    Docker success

  3. Click the whale () to get Preferences, and other options.

    Docker context menu

  4. Select About Docker to verify that you have the latest version.

    Congratulations! You are up and running with Docker for Mac.

Step 2. Check versions of Docker Engine, Compose, and Machine

Run these commands to test if your versions of docker, docker-compose, and docker-machine are up-to-date and compatible with Docker.app.

$ docker --version
Docker version 1.13.0-rc3, build 4d92237

$ docker-compose --version
docker-compose version 1.9.0, build 2585387

$ docker-machine --version
docker-machine version 0.9.0-rc2, build 7b19591

Note: The above is an example. Your output will differ if you are running different (e.g., newer) versions.

Step 3. Explore the application and run examples

  1. Open a command-line terminal, and run some Docker commands to verify that Docker is working as expected.

    Some good commands to try are docker version to check that you have the latest release installed, and docker ps and docker run hello-world to verify that Docker is running.

  2. For something more adventurous, start a Dockerized web server.

    docker run -d -p 80:80 --name webserver nginx
    

    If the image is not found locally, Docker will pull it from Docker Hub.

    In a web browser, go to http://localhost/ to bring up the home page. (Since you specified the default HTTP port, it isn’t necessary to append :80 at the end of the URL.)

    nginx home page

    Note: Early beta releases used docker as the hostname to build the URL. Now, ports are exposed on the private IP addresses of the VM and forwarded to localhost with no other host name set. See also, Release Notes for Beta 9.

  3. Run docker ps while your web server is running to see details on the webserver container.

         CONTAINER ID        IMAGE                COMMAND                  CREATED              STATUS              PORTS                              NAMES
         56f433965490        nginx                "nginx -g 'daemon off"   About a minute ago   Up About a minute   0.0.0.0:80->80/tcp, 443/tcp   webserver
    
  4. Stop or remove containers and images.

    The nginx webserver will continue to run in the container on that port until you stop and/or remove the container. If you want to stop the webserver, type: docker stop webserver and start it again with docker start webserver. A stopped container will not show up with docker ps; for that, you need to run docker ps -a.

    To stop and remove the running container with a single command, type: docker rm -f webserver. This will remove the container, but not the nginx image. You can list local images with docker images. You might want to keep some images around so that you don’t have to pull them again from Docker Hub. To remove an image you no longer need, use docker rmi followed by an image ID or image name. For example, docker rmi nginx.

Want more example applications? - For more example walkthroughs that include setting up services and databases in Docker Compose, see Example Applications.

Preferences

Choose –> Preferences from the menu bar. You can set the following runtime options.

General

Preferences

Auto-start, update, backups, usage data

  • Docker for Mac is set to automatically start Docker when you log in. Uncheck this option if you don’t want Docker to start when you open your session.

  • Docker for Mac is set to automatically check for updates and notify you when an update is available. If an update is found, click OK to accept and install it (or cancel to keep the current version). If you disable the check for updates, you can still find out about updates manually by choosing -> Check for Updates

  • Check Exclude VM from Time Machine backups to prevent Time Machine from backing up the Docker for Mac virtual machine.

  • Send usage statistics — You can set Docker for Mac to auto-send diagnostics, crash reports, and usage data. This information can help Docker improve the application and get more context for troubleshooting problems. Uncheck this to opt out and prevent auto-send of data. Docker may prompt for more information in some cases, even with auto-send enabled. Also, you can enable or disable these auto-reporting settings with one click on the information popup when you first start Docker.

    Startup information

File sharing

You can decide which directories on your Mac to share with containers.

  • Add a Directory - Click + and navigate to the directory you want to add.

    File Sharing

  • Click Apply & Restart to make the directory available to containers using Docker’s bind mount (-v) feature.

There are some limitations on the directories that can be shared:

  • They cannot be a subdirectory of an already shared directory.

  • They cannot already exist inside of Docker.

See Namespaces in the topic on osxfs file system sharing for more information.

Tip: File sharing is required for volume mounting if the project lives outside of the /Users directory. In that case, share the drive where the Dockerfile and volume are located. Otherwise, you will get file not found or cannot start service errors at runtime. (See also Volume mounting requires file sharing for any project directories outside of /Users.)

Advanced

Advanced Preference settings-advanced

CPUs

By default, Docker for Mac is set to use 2 processors. You can increase processing power for the app by setting this to a higher number, or lower it to have Docker for Mac use fewer computing resources.

Memory

By default, Docker for Mac is set to use 2 GB runtime memory, allocated from the total available memory on your Mac. You can increase the RAM on the app to get faster performance by setting this number higher (for example to 3) or lower (to 1) if you want Docker for Mac to use less memory.

Storage location

You can specify the storage location of the Linux volume; i.e., where containers and images are stored.

HTTP proxy settings

Docker for Mac will detect HTTP/HTTPS Proxy Settings and automatically propagate these to Docker and to your containers. For example, if you set your proxy settings to http://proxy.example.com, Docker will use this proxy when pulling containers.

Proxies settings

Docker Daemon

You can configure options on the Docker daemon that determine how your containers will run. You can configure some Basic options on the daemon with interactive settings, or switch to Advanced to edit the JSON directly.

The settings offered on Basic dialog can be configured directly in the JSON as well. This version just surfaces some of the commmon settings to make it easier to configure them.

Daemon

Experimental mode

By default, Docker for Mac Beta releases use the experimental version of Docker Engine, described in the Docker Experimental Features README on GitHub. Starting with Beta 31, you can toggle experimental mode on and off. If you toggle it off, Docker for Mac Beta uses the current generally available release of Docker Engine, the same as Stable Docker for Mac versions uses.

You can check whether you are running experimental mode or not by typing docker version on the command line. Experimental mode is listed under Server data. If Experimental is true, then Docker is running in experimental mode, as shown here. (If false, Experimental mode is off.)

$ docker version
Client:
 Version:      1.13.0-rc3
 API version:  1.25
 Go version:   go1.7.3
 Git commit:   4d92237
 Built:        Tue Dec  6 01:15:44 2016
 OS/Arch:      darwin/amd64

Server:
 Version:      1.13.0-rc3
 API version:  1.25 (minimum version 1.12)
 Go version:   go1.7.3
 Git commit:   4d92237
 Built:        Tue Dec  6 01:15:44 2016
 OS/Arch:      linux/amd64
 Experimental: true

Custom registries

As an alternative to using Docker Hub to store your public or private images or Docker Trusted Registry, you can use Docker to set up your own insecure registry. Add URLs for insecure registries and registry mirrors on which to host your images. (See also, How do I add custom CA certificates? in the FAQs.)

Edit the daemon configuration file

On the Daemon -> Advanced dialog, you can directly configure the daemon from the JSON file, and determine entirely how your containers will run. For a full list of options on the Docker daemon, see <a href=”/engine/reference/commandline/dockerd/>daemon</a> in the Docker Engine command line reference.

After editing the daemon configuration , click Apply & Restart to save it and reboot Docker. Or, to cancel changes, click another preference tab, then choose to discard or not apply changes when asked.

Docker Daemon

Uninstall or reset

Choose –> Preferences from the menu bar, then click Uninstall / Reset on the Preferences dialog.

Uninstall or reset Docker

  • Uninstall - Choose this option to remove Docker for Mac from your system.

  • Reset to factory defaults - Choose this option to reset all options on Docker for Mac to its initial state, the same as when it was first installed.

You can uninstall Docker for Mac from the command line with this command: <DockerforMacPath> --uninstall. If Docker is installed in the default location, the following command will provide a clean uninstall.

$ /Applications/Docker.app/Contents/MacOS/Docker --uninstall
Docker is running, exiting...
Docker uninstalled successfully. You can move the Docker application to the trash.

You might want to use the command-line uninstall if, for example, you find that the app is non-functional, and you cannot uninstall it from the menu.

Installing bash completion

If you are using bash completion, such as homebrew bash-completion on Mac, bash completion scripts for - docker - docker-machine - docker-compose may be found inside Docker.app, in the Contents/Resources/etc folder.

To activate bash completion, these files need to be copied or symlinked to your bash_completion.d directory. For example, if you use Homebrew:

ln -s /Applications/Docker.app/Contents/Resources/etc/docker.bash-completion /usr/local/etc/bash_completion.d/docker
ln -s /Applications/Docker.app/Contents/Resources/etc/docker-machine.bash-completion /usr/local/etc/bash_completion.d/docker-machine
ln -s /Applications/Docker.app/Contents/Resources/etc/docker-compose.bash-completion /usr/local/etc/bash_completion.d/docker-compose

Giving feedback and getting help

To get help from the community, review current user topics, join or start a discussion, log on to our Docker for Mac forum.

To report bugs or problems, log on to Docker for Mac issues on GitHub, where you can review community reported issues, and file new ones. See Diagnose problems, send feedback, and create GitHub issues. As a part of reporting issues on GitHub, we can help you troubleshoot the log data.

To give us feedback on the documentation or update it yourself, use the Feedback options at the bottom of each docs page.

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