Docker Hub Quickstart

Estimated reading time: 3 minutes

Docker Hub is a service provided by Docker for finding and sharing container images with your team. It is the world’s largest repository of container images with an array of content sources including container community developers, open source projects and independent software vendors (ISV) building and distributing their code in containers.

Users get access to free public repositories for storing and sharing images or can choose a subscription plan for private repositories.

Docker Hub provides the following major features:

  • Repositories: Push and pull container images.
  • Teams & Organizations: Manage access to private repositories of container images.
  • Official Images: Pull and use high-quality container images provided by Docker.
  • Publisher Images: Pull and use high- quality container images provided by external vendors.
  • Builds: Automatically build container images from GitHub and Bitbucket and push them to Docker Hub.
  • Webhooks: Trigger actions after a successful push to a repository to integrate Docker Hub with other services.

The following section contains step-by-step instructions on how to easily get started with Docker Hub.

Step 1: Sign up for a Docker account

Let’s start by creating a Docker ID.

A Docker ID grants you access to Docker Hub repositories and allows you to explore images that are available from the community and verified publishers. You’ll also need a Docker ID to share images on Docker Hub.

Step 2: Create your first repository

To create a repository:

  1. Sign in to Docker Hub.
  2. Click Create a Repository on the Docker Hub welcome page:
  3. Name it <your-username>/my-private-repo.
  4. Set the visibility to Private.

    Create Repository

  5. Click Create.

    You’ve created your first repository. You should see:

    Repository Created

Step 3: Download and install Docker Desktop

We’ll need to download Docker Desktop to build and push a container image to Docker Hub.

  1. Download and install Docker Desktop. If on Linux, download Docker Engine.

  2. Sign into the Docker Desktop application using the Docker ID you created in Step 1.

Step 4: Build and push a container image to Docker Hub from your computer

  1. Start by creating a Dockerfile to specify your application as shown below:

     cat > Dockerfile <<EOF
     FROM busybox
     CMD echo "Hello world! This is my first Docker image."
     EOF
    
  2. Run docker build -t <your_username>/my-private-repo . to build your Docker image.

  3. Run docker run <your_username>/my-private-repo to test your Docker image locally.

  4. Run docker push <your_username>/my-private-repo to push your Docker image to Docker Hub. You should see output similar to:

    Terminal

    Having trouble pushing? Remember, you must be signed into Docker Hub through Docker Desktop or the command line, and you must also name your images correctly, as per the above steps.

  5. Your repository in Docker Hub should now display a new latest tag under Tags:

    Tag Created

Congratulations! You’ve successfully:

  • Signed up for a Docker account
  • Created your first repository
  • Built a Docker container image on your computer
  • Pushed it succesfully to Docker Hub

Next steps

  • Create an organization to use Docker Hub with your team.
  • Automatically build container images from code through builds.
  • Explore official & publisher images.
  • Upgrade your plan to push additional private Docker images to Docker Hub.
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