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Docker Hub repositories allow you share container images with your team, customers, or the Docker community at large.

Docker images are pushed to Docker Hub through the docker push command. A single Docker Hub repository can hold many Docker images (stored as tags).

Creating Repositories

To create a repository, sign into Docker Hub, click on Repositories then Create Repo:

Create repo

When creating a new repository, you can choose to put it in your Docker ID namespace, or that of any Organization that you are in the “Owners” team. The Repository Name needs to be unique in that namespace, can be two to 255 characters, and can only contain lowercase letters, numbers or - and _.

The “Short Description” of 100 characters is used in the search results, while the “Full Description” can be used as the Readme for the repository, and can use Markdown to add simple formatting.

After you hit the “Create” button, you then need to docker push images to that Hub based repository.

Pushing a Docker container image to Docker Hub

To push a repository to the Docker Hub, you must name your local image using your Docker Hub username, and the repository name that you created through Docker Hub on the web.

You can add multiple images to a repository, by adding a specific :<tag> to it (for example docs/base:testing). If it’s not specified, the tag defaults to latest.

You can name your local images either when you build it, using docker build -t <hub-user>/<repo-name>[:<tag>], by re-tagging an existing local image docker tag <existing-image> <hub-user>/<repo-name>[:<tag>], or by using docker commit <existing-container> <hub-user>/<repo-name>[:<tag>] to commit changes.

Now you can push this repository to the registry designated by its name or tag.

$ docker push <hub-user>/<repo-name>:<tag>

The image is then uploaded and available for use by your teammates and/or the community.

Private Repositories

Private repositories allow you keep container images private, either to your own account or within an organization or team.

To create a private repo select Private when creating a private repo:

Create Private Repo

You can also make an existing repository private by going to the repo’s Settings tab:

Convert Repo to Private

You get one private repository for free with your Docker Hub user account (not usable for organizations you’re a member of). If you need more private repositories for your user account, upgrade your Docker Hub plan from your Billing Information page.

Once the private repository is created, you can push and pull images to and from it using Docker.

Note: You need to be signed in and have access to work with a private repository.

Note: Private repositories are not currently available to search through the top-level search or docker search

You can designate collaborators and manage their access to a private repository from that repository’s Settings page. You can also toggle the repository’s status between public and private, if you have an available repository slot open. Otherwise, you can upgrade your Docker Hub plan.

Collaborators and their role

A collaborator is someone you want to give access to a private repository. Once designated, they can push and pull to your repositories. They are not allowed to perform any administrative tasks such as deleting the repository or changing its status from private to public.

Note: A collaborator cannot add other collaborators. Only the owner of the repository has administrative access.

You can also assign more granular collaborator rights (“Read”, “Write”, or “Admin”) on Docker Hub by using organizations and teams. For more information see the organizations documentation.

Viewing repository tags

Docker Hub’s individual repositories view shows you the available tags and the size of the associated image. Go to the “Repositories” view and click on a repository to see its tags.

Repository View

View Repo Tags

Image sizes are the cumulative space taken up by the image and all its parent images. This is also the disk space used by the contents of the .tar file created when you docker save an image.

To view tags, click on “Tags” tab and then select a tag to view.

Manage Repo Tags

View Tag

Searching for Repositories

You can search the Docker Hub registry through its search interface or by using the command line interface. Searching can find images by image name, user name, or description:

$ docker search centos
NAME                                 DESCRIPTION                                     STARS     OFFICIAL   AUTOMATED
centos                               The official build of CentOS.                   1034      [OK]
ansible/centos7-ansible              Ansible on Centos7                              43                   [OK]
tutum/centos                         Centos image with SSH access. For the root...   13                   [OK]

There you can see two example results: centos and ansible/centos7-ansible. The second result shows that it comes from the public repository of a user, named ansible/, while the first result, centos, doesn’t explicitly list a repository which means that it comes from the top-level namespace for Official Images. The / character separates a user’s repository from the image name.

Once you’ve found the image you want, you can download it with docker pull <imagename>:

$ docker pull centos
latest: Pulling from centos
6941bfcbbfca: Pull complete
41459f052977: Pull complete
fd44297e2ddb: Already exists
centos:latest: The image you are pulling has been verified. Important: image verification is a tech preview feature and should not be relied on to provide security.
Digest: sha256:d601d3b928eb2954653c59e65862aabb31edefa868bd5148a41fa45004c12288
Status: Downloaded newer image for centos:latest

You now have an image from which you can run containers.

Starring Repositories

Your repositories can be starred and you can star repositories in return. Stars are a way to show that you like a repository. They are also an easy way of bookmarking your favorites.

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