Isolate cluster nodes in Docker Advanced

Estimated reading time: 9 minutes

With Docker EE Advanced, you can enable physical isolation of resources by organizing nodes into collections and granting Scheduler access for different users. To control access to nodes, move them to dedicated collections where you can grant access to specific users, teams, and organizations.

In this example, a team gets access to a node collection and a resource collection, and UCP access control ensures that the team members can’t view or use swarm resources that aren’t in their collection.

You need a Docker EE Advanced license and at least two worker nodes to complete this example.

  1. Create an Ops team and assign a user to it.
  2. Create a /Prod collection for the team’s node.
  3. Assign a worker node to the /Prod collection.
  4. Grant the Ops teams access to its collection.

Create a team

In the web UI, navigate to the Organizations & Teams page to create a team named “Ops” in your organization. Add a user who isn’t a UCP administrator to the team. Learn to create and manage teams.

Create a node collection and a resource collection

In this example, the Ops team uses an assigned group of nodes, which it accesses through a collection. Also, the team has a separate collection for its resources.

Create two collections: one for the team’s worker nodes and another for the team’s resources.

  1. Navigate to the Collections page to view all of the resource collections in the swarm.
  2. Click Create collection and name the new collection “Prod”.
  3. Click Create to create the collection.
  4. Find Prod in the list, and click View children.
  5. Click Create collection, and name the child collection “Webserver”. This creates a sub-collection for access control.

You’ve created two new collections. The /Prod collection is for the worker nodes, and the /Prod/Webserver sub-collection is for access control to an application that you’ll deploy on the corresponding worker nodes.

Move a worker node to a collection

By default, worker nodes are located in the /Shared collection. Worker nodes that are running DTR are assigned to the /System collection. To control access to the team’s nodes, move them to a dedicated collection.

Move a worker node by changing the value of its access label key, com.docker.ucp.access.label, to a different collection.

  1. Navigate to the Nodes page to view all of the nodes in the swarm.
  2. Click a worker node, and in the details pane, find its Collection. If it’s in the /System collection, click another worker node, because you can’t move nodes that are in the /System collection. By default, worker nodes are assigned to the /Shared collection.
  3. When you’ve found an available node, in the details pane, click Configure.
  4. In the Labels section, find com.docker.ucp.access.label and change its value from /Shared to /Prod.
  5. Click Save to move the node to the /Prod collection.

Docker EE Advanced required

If you don’t have a Docker EE Advanced license, you’ll get the following error message when you try to change the access label: Nodes must be in either the shared or system collection without an advanced license. Get a Docker EE Advanced license.

Grant access for a team

You need two grants to control access to nodes and container resources:

  • Grant the Ops team the Restricted Control role for the /Prod/Webserver resources.
  • Grant the Ops team the Scheduler role against the nodes in the /Prod collection.

Create two grants for team access to the two collections:

  1. Navigate to the Grants page and click Create Grant.
  2. In the left pane, click Resource Sets, and in the Swarm collection, click View Children.
  3. In the Prod collection, click View Children.
  4. In the Webserver collection, click Select Collection.
  5. In the left pane, click Roles, and select Restricted Control in the dropdown.
  6. Click Subjects, and under Select subject type, click Organizations.
  7. Select your organization, and in the Team dropdown, select Ops.
  8. Click Create to grant the Ops team access to the /Prod/Webserver collection.

The same steps apply for the nodes in the /Prod collection.

  1. Navigate to the Grants page and click Create Grant.
  2. In the left pane, click Collections, and in the Swarm collection, click View Children.
  3. In the Prod collection, click Select Collection.
  4. In the left pane, click Roles, and in the dropdown, select Scheduler.
  5. In the left pane, click Subjects, and under Select subject type, click Organizations.
  6. Select your organization, and in the Team dropdown, select Ops .
  7. Click Create to grant the Ops team Scheduler access to the nodes in the /Prod collection.

The cluster is set up for node isolation. Users with access to nodes in the /Prod collection can deploy Swarm services and Kubernetes apps, and their workloads won’t be scheduled on nodes that aren’t in the collection.

Deploy a Swarm service as a team member

When a user deploys a Swarm service, UCP assigns its resources to the user’s default collection.

From the target collection of a resource, UCP walks up the ancestor collections until it finds the highest ancestor that the user has Scheduler access to. Tasks are scheduled on any nodes in the tree below this ancestor. In this example, UCP assigns the user’s service to the /Prod/Webserver collection and schedules tasks on nodes in the /Prod collection.

As a user on the Ops team, set your default collection to /Prod/Webserver.

  1. Log in as a user on the Ops team.
  2. Navigate to the Collections page, and in the Prod collection, click View Children.
  3. In the Webserver collection, click the More Options icon and select Set to default.

Deploy a service automatically to worker nodes in the /Prod collection. All resources are deployed under the user’s default collection, /Prod/Webserver, and the containers are scheduled only on the nodes under /Prod.

  1. Navigate to the Services page, and click Create Service.
  2. Name the service “NGINX”, use the “nginx:latest” image, and click Create.
  3. When the nginx service status is green, click the service. In the details view, click Inspect Resource, and in the dropdown, select Containers.
  4. Click the NGINX container, and in the details pane, confirm that its Collection is /Prod/Webserver.

  5. Click Inspect Resource, and in the dropdown, select Nodes.
  6. Click the node, and in the details pane, confirm that its Collection is /Prod.

Alternative: Use a grant instead of the default collection

Another approach is to use a grant instead of changing the user’s default collection. An administrator can create a grant for a role that has the Service Create permission against the /Prod/Webserver collection or a child collection. In this case, the user sets the value of the service’s access label, com.docker.ucp.access.label, to the new collection or one of its children that has a Service Create grant for the user.

Deploy a Kubernetes application

Starting in Docker Enterprise Edition 2.0, you can deploy a Kubernetes workload to worker nodes, based on a Kubernetes namespace.

  1. Convert a node to use the Kubernetes orchestrator.
  2. Create a Kubernetes namespace.
  3. Create a grant for the namespace.
  4. Link the namespace to a node collection.
  5. Deploy a Kubernetes workload.

Convert a node to Kubernetes

To deploy Kubernetes workloads, an administrator must convert a worker node to use the Kubernetes orchestrator. Learn how to set the orchestrator type for your nodes in the /Prod collection.

Create a Kubernetes namespace

An administrator must create a Kubernetes namespace to enable node isolation for Kubernetes workloads.

  1. In the left pane, click Kubernetes.
  2. Click Create to open the Create Kubernetes Object page.
  3. In the Object YAML editor, paste the following YAML.

    apiVersion: v1
    kind: Namespace
    metadata:
      Name: ops-nodes
    
  4. Click Create to create the ops-nodes namespace.

Grant access to the Kubernetes namespace

Create a grant to the ops-nodes namespace for the Ops team by following the same steps that you used to grant access to the /Prod collection, only this time, on the Create Grant page, pick Namespaces, instead of Collections.

Select the ops-nodes namespace, and create a Full Control grant for the Ops team.

The last step is to link the Kubernetes namespace the /Prod collection.

  1. Navigate to the Namespaces page, and find the ops-nodes namespace in the list.
  2. Click the More options icon and select Link nodes in collection.

  3. In the Choose collection section, click View children on the Swarm collection to navigate to the Prod collection.
  4. On the Prod collection, click Select collection.
  5. Click Confirm to link the namespace to the collection.

Deploy a Kubernetes workload to the node collection

  1. Log in in as a non-admin who’s on the Ops team.
  2. In the left pane, open the Kubernetes section.
  3. Confirm that ops-nodes is displayed under Namespaces.
  4. Click Create, and in the Object YAML editor, paste the following YAML definition for an NGINX server.

    apiVersion: v1
    kind: ReplicationController
    metadata:
      name: nginx
    spec:
      replicas: 1
      selector:
        app: nginx
      template:
        metadata:
          name: nginx
          labels:
            app: nginx
        spec:
          containers:
          - name: nginx
            image: nginx
            ports:
            - containerPort: 80
    

  5. Click Create to deploy the workload.
  6. In the left pane, click Pods and confirm that the workload is running on pods in the ops-nodes namespace.

Where to go next

ucp, grant, role, permission, authentication, node, Kubernetes