Develop with Docker Engine API
Estimated reading time: 5 minutes
Docker provides an API for interacting with the Docker daemon (called the Docker Engine API), as well as SDKs for Go and Python. The SDKs allow you to build and scale Docker apps and solutions quickly and easily. If Go or Python don’t work for you, you can use the Docker Engine API directly.
For information about Docker Engine SDKs, see Develop with Docker Engine SDKs.
The Docker Engine API is a RESTful API accessed by an HTTP client such as
curl, or the HTTP library which is part of most modern programming languages.
View the API reference
Versioned API and SDK
The version of the Docker Engine API you should use depends upon the version of your Docker daemon and Docker client.
A given version of the Docker Engine SDK supports a specific version of the Docker Engine API, as well as all earlier versions. If breaking changes occur, they are documented prominently.
Daemon and client API mismatches
The Docker daemon and client do not necessarily need to be the same version at all times. However, keep the following in mind.
If the daemon is newer than the client, the client does not know about new features or deprecated API endpoints in the daemon.
If the client is newer than the daemon, the client can request API endpoints that the daemon does not know about.
A new version of the API is released when new features are added. The Docker API is backward-compatible, so you do not need to update code that uses the API unless you need to take advantage of new features.
To see the highest version of the API your Docker daemon and client support, use
$ docker version Client: Docker Engine - Community Version: 20.10.0 API version: 1.41 Go version: go1.13.15 Git commit: 7287ab3 Built: Tue Dec 8 19:00:39 2020 OS/Arch: linux/amd64 Context: default Experimental: true Server: Docker Engine - Community Engine: Version: 20.10.0 API version: 1.41 (minimum version 1.12) Go version: go1.13.15 Git commit: eeddea2 Built: Tue Dec 8 18:58:12 2020 OS/Arch: linux/amd64 ...
You can specify the API version to use, in one of the following ways:
When using the SDK, use the latest version you can, but at least the version that incorporates the API version with the features you need.
curldirectly, specify the version as the first part of the URL. For instance, if the endpoint is
/containers/, you can use
To force the Docker CLI or the Docker Engine SDKs to use an old version of the API than the version reported by
docker version, set the environment variable
DOCKER_API_VERSIONto the correct version. This works on Linux, Windows, or macOS clients.
While the environment variable is set, that version of the API is used, even if the Docker daemon supports a newer version. This environment variable disables API version negotiation, and as such should only be used if you must use a specific version of the API, or for debugging purposes.
The Docker Go SDK allows you to enable API version negotiation, automatically selects an API version that is supported by both the client, and the Docker Engine that is used.
API version matrix
|Docker version||Maximum API version||Change log|
Archived API versions
Documentation for older versions of the API has been archived, but can be found in the docker code repository on GitHubdeveloping, api