docker cp

Estimated reading time: 5 minutes

Description

Copy files/folders between a container and the local filesystem

Usage

docker cp [OPTIONS] CONTAINER:SRC_PATH DEST_PATH|-
docker cp [OPTIONS] SRC_PATH|- CONTAINER:DEST_PATH

Options

Name, shorthand Default Description
--follow-link, -L false Always follow symbol link in SRC_PATH

Parent command

Command Description
docker The base command for the Docker CLI.

Extended description

The docker cp utility copies the contents of SRC_PATH to the DEST_PATH. You can copy from the container’s file system to the local machine or the reverse, from the local filesystem to the container. If - is specified for either the SRC_PATH or DEST_PATH, you can also stream a tar archive from STDIN or to STDOUT. The CONTAINER can be a running or stopped container. The SRC_PATH or DEST_PATH can be a file or directory.

The docker cp command assumes container paths are relative to the container’s / (root) directory. This means supplying the initial forward slash is optional; The command sees compassionate_darwin:/tmp/foo/myfile.txt and compassionate_darwin:tmp/foo/myfile.txt as identical. Local machine paths can be an absolute or relative value. The command interprets a local machine’s relative paths as relative to the current working directory where docker cp is run.

The cp command behaves like the Unix cp -a command in that directories are copied recursively with permissions preserved if possible. Ownership is set to the user and primary group at the destination. For example, files copied to a container are created with UID:GID of the root user. Files copied to the local machine are created with the UID:GID of the user which invoked the docker cp command. If you specify the -L option, docker cp follows any symbolic link in the SRC_PATH. docker cp does not create parent directories for DEST_PATH if they do not exist.

Assuming a path separator of /, a first argument of SRC_PATH and second argument of DEST_PATH, the behavior is as follows:

  • SRC_PATH specifies a file
    • DEST_PATH does not exist
      • the file is saved to a file created at DEST_PATH
    • DEST_PATH does not exist and ends with /
      • Error condition: the destination directory must exist.
    • DEST_PATH exists and is a file
      • the destination is overwritten with the source file’s contents
    • DEST_PATH exists and is a directory
      • the file is copied into this directory using the basename from SRC_PATH
  • SRC_PATH specifies a directory
    • DEST_PATH does not exist
      • DEST_PATH is created as a directory and the contents of the source directory are copied into this directory
    • DEST_PATH exists and is a file
      • Error condition: cannot copy a directory to a file
    • DEST_PATH exists and is a directory
      • SRC_PATH does not end with /. (that is: slash followed by dot)
        • the source directory is copied into this directory
      • SRC_PATH does end with /. (that is: slash followed by dot)
        • the content of the source directory is copied into this directory

The command requires SRC_PATH and DEST_PATH to exist according to the above rules. If SRC_PATH is local and is a symbolic link, the symbolic link, not the target, is copied by default. To copy the link target and not the link, specify the -L option.

A colon (:) is used as a delimiter between CONTAINER and its path. You can also use : when specifying paths to a SRC_PATH or DEST_PATH on a local machine, for example file:name.txt. If you use a : in a local machine path, you must be explicit with a relative or absolute path, for example:

`/path/to/file:name.txt` or `./file:name.txt`

It is not possible to copy certain system files such as resources under /proc, /sys, /dev, tmpfs, and mounts created by the user in the container. However, you can still copy such files by manually running tar in docker exec. Both of the following examples do the same thing in different ways (consider SRC_PATH and DEST_PATH are directories):

$ docker exec foo tar Ccf $(dirname SRC_PATH) - $(basename SRC_PATH) | tar Cxf DEST_PATH -
$ tar Ccf $(dirname SRC_PATH) - $(basename SRC_PATH) | docker exec -i foo tar Cxf DEST_PATH -

Using - as the SRC_PATH streams the contents of STDIN as a tar archive. The command extracts the content of the tar to the DEST_PATH in container’s filesystem. In this case, DEST_PATH must specify a directory. Using - as the DEST_PATH streams the contents of the resource as a tar archive to STDOUT.