Install Docker Engine - Enterprise on Windows ServersEstimated reading time: 6 minutes
Docker Engine - Enterprise enables native Docker containers on Windows Server. Windows Server 2016 and later versions are supported. The Docker Engine - Enterprise installation package includes everything you need to run Docker on Windows Server. This topic describes pre-install considerations, and how to download and install Docker Engine - Enterprise.
Windows OS requirements around specific CPU and RAM requirements also need to be met as specified in the Windows Server Requirements. This provides information for specific CPU and memory specs and capabilities (instruction sets like CMPXCHG16b, LAHF/SAHF, and PrefetchW, security: DEP/NX, etc.).
- OS Versions: Server 2016 (Core and GUI), 1709 and 1803
- RAM: 4GB
- Disk space: 32 GB minimum recommendation for Windows. An additional 32 GB of Space is recommended for base images for ServerCore and NanoServer along with buffer space for workload containers running IIS, SQL Server and .Net apps.
Install Docker Engine - Enterprise
Docker Engine - Enterprise requires Windows Server 2016, 1703, or 1803. See What to know before you install for a full list of prerequisites.
Open a PowerShell command prompt, and type the following commands.
Install-Module DockerMsftProvider -Force Install-Package Docker -ProviderName DockerMsftProvider -Force
Check if a reboot is required, and if yes, restart your instance:
If the output of this command is Yes, then restart the server with:
Test your Docker Engine - Enterprise installation by running the
docker run hello-world:nanoserver Unable to find image 'hello-world:nanoserver' locally nanoserver: Pulling from library/hello-world bce2fbc256ea: Pull complete 3ac17e2e6106: Pull complete 8cac44e17f16: Pull complete 5e160e4d8db3: Pull complete Digest: sha256:25eac12ba40f7591969085ab3fb9772e8a4307553c14ea72d0e6f98b2c8ced9d Status: Downloaded newer image for hello-world:nanoserver Hello from Docker! This message shows that your installation appears to be working correctly.
(optional) Make sure you have all required updates
Some advanced Docker features, such as swarm mode, require the fixes included in KB4015217 (or a later cumulative patch).
6) Download and Install Updates.
FIPS 140-2 cryptographic module support
Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) Publication 140-2 is a United States Federal security requirement for cryptographic modules.
With Docker EE Basic license for versions 18.09 and later, Docker provides FIPS 140-2 support in Windows Server 2016. This includes a FIPS supported cryptographic module. If the Windows implementation already has FIPS support enabled, FIPS is automatically enabled in the Docker engine.
NOTE: FIPS 140-2 is only supported in the Docker EE engine. UCP and DTR currently do not have support for FIPS 140-2.
To enable FIPS 140-2 compliance on a system that is not in FIPS 140-2 mode, do the following in PowerShell:
[System.Environment]::SetEnvironmentVariable("DOCKER_FIPS", "1", "Machine")
Restart the Docker service by running the following command.
net stop docker net start docker
To confirm Docker is running with FIPS-140-2 enabled, run the
docker info command:
NOTE: If the system has the FIPS-140-2 cryptographic module installed on the operating system, it is possible to disable FIPS-140-2 compliance. To disable FIPS-140-2 in Docker but not the operating system, set the value
"DOCKER_FIPS","0" in the
Use a script to install Docker EE
Use the following steps when you want to install manually, script automated installs, or install on air-gapped systems.
In a PowerShell command prompt, download the installer archive on a machine that has a connection.
# On an online machine, download the zip file. Invoke-WebRequest -UseBasicParsing -OutFile docker-18.09.1.zip https://download.docker.com/components/engine/windows-server/18.09/docker-18.09.1.zip
If you need to download a specific Docker EE Engine release, all URLs can be found on this JSON index
Copy the zip file to the machine where you want to install Docker. In a PowerShell command prompt, use the following commands to extract the archive, register, and start the Docker service.
#Stop Docker service Stop-Service docker # Extract the archive. Expand-Archive docker-18.09.1.zip -DestinationPath $Env:ProgramFiles -Force # Clean up the zip file. Remove-Item -Force docker-18.09.1.zip # Install Docker. This requires rebooting. $null = Install-WindowsFeature containers # Add Docker to the path for the current session. $env:path += ";$env:ProgramFiles\docker" # Optionally, modify PATH to persist across sessions. $newPath = "$env:ProgramFiles\docker;" + [Environment]::GetEnvironmentVariable("PATH", [EnvironmentVariableTarget]::Machine) [Environment]::SetEnvironmentVariable("PATH", $newPath, [EnvironmentVariableTarget]::Machine) # Register the Docker daemon as a service. dockerd --register-service # Start the Docker service. Start-Service docker
Test your Docker EE installation by running the
docker container run hello-world:nanoserver
Install a specific version
To install a specific version, use the
Install-Package -Name docker -ProviderName DockerMsftProvider -Force -RequiredVersion 18.09 ... Name Version Source Summary ---- ------- ------ ------- Docker 18.09 Docker Contains Docker Engine - Enterprise for use with Windows Server...
Updating the DockerMsftProvider
Installing specific Docker EE versions may require an update to previously installed DockerMsftProvider modules. To update:
Then open a new Powershell session for the update to take effect.
Update Docker Engine - Enterprise
To update Docker Engine - Enterprise to the most recent release, specify the
Install-Package -Name docker -ProviderName DockerMsftProvider -RequiredVersion 18.09 -Update -Force
The required version must match any of the versions available in this json file: https://dockermsft.blob.core.windows.net/dockercontainer/DockerMsftIndex.json
Uninstall Docker EE
Use the following commands to completely remove the Docker Engine - Enterprise from a Windows Server:
- Leave any active Docker Swarm
docker swarm leave --force
Remove all running and stopped containers
docker rm -f $(docker ps --all --quiet)
- Prune container data
docker system prune --all --volumes
- Uninstall Docker PowerShell Package and Module
Uninstall-Package -Name docker -ProviderName DockerMsftProvider Uninstall-Module -Name DockerMsftProvider
- Clean up Windows Networking and file system
Get-HNSNetwork | Remove-HNSNetwork Remove-Item -Path "C:\ProgramData\Docker" -Recurse -Force
Preparing a Docker EE Engine for use with UCP
Run the UCP installation script for Windows.
Start the Docker service:
- What the Docker Engine - Enterprise install includes: The installation provides Docker Engine and the Docker CLI client.
About Docker Engine - Enterprise containers and Windows Server
Looking for information on using Docker Engine - Enterprise containers?
Getting Started with Windows Containers (Lab) provides a tutorial on how to set up and run Windows containers on Windows 10 or Windows Server 2016. It shows you how to use a MusicStore application with Windows containers.
Setup - Windows Server 2016 (Lab) describes environment setup in detail.
Docker Container Platform for Windows Server articles and blog posts on the Docker website.
Where to go next
Getting started provides an overview of Docker Desktop for Windows, basic Docker command examples, how to get help or give feedback, and links to all topics in the Docker Desktop for Windows guide.
FAQs provides answers to frequently asked questions.
Release Notes lists component updates, new features, and improvements associated with Stable and Edge releases.
Learn Docker provides general Docker tutorials.
Windows Containers on Windows Server is the official Microsoft documentation.