Containerize a Python application
- You have installed the latest version of Docker Desktop.
- You have a git clientopen_in_new. The examples in this section use a command-line based git client, but you can use any client.
This section walks you through containerizing and running a Python application.
The sample application uses the popular Flaskopen_in_new framework.
Clone the sample application to use with this guide. Open a terminal, change directory to a directory that you want to work in, and run the following command to clone the repository:
$ git clone https://github.com/docker/python-docker
You can test the application locally without Docker before you continue building and running the application with Docker. This section requires you to have Python 3.11 or later installed on your machine. Download and install Pythonopen_in_new.
Open your terminal and navigate to the working directory you created. Create an environment, install the dependencies, and start the application to make sure it’s running.
$ cd /path/to/python-docker $ python3 -m venv .venv $ source .venv/bin/activate (.venv) $ python3 -m pip install -r requirements.txt (.venv) $ python3 -m flask run
To test that the application is working, open a new browser and navigate to
Switch back to the terminal where the server is running and you should see the following requests in the server logs. The data and timestamp will be different on your machine.
127.0.0.1 - - [22/Sep/2020 11:07:41] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 -
Now that you have an application, you can use
docker init to create the necessary Docker assets to containerize your application. Inside the
python-docker directory, run the
docker init command. Refer to the following example to answer the prompts from
$ docker init Welcome to the Docker Init CLI! This utility will walk you through creating the following files with sensible defaults for your project: - .dockerignore - Dockerfile - compose.yaml Let's get started! ? What application platform does your project use? Python ? What version of Python do you want to use? 3.11.4 ? What port do you want your app to listen on? 5000 ? What is the command to run your app? python3 -m flask run --host=0.0.0.0
You should now have the following contents in your
├── python-docker/ │ ├── app.py │ ├── requirements.txt │ ├── .dockerignore │ ├── compose.yaml │ ├── Dockerfile │ └── README.md
To learn more about the files that
docker init added, see the following:
python-docker directory, run the following command in a
$ docker compose up --build
Open a browser and view the application at http://localhost:5000open_in_new. You should see a simple Flask application.
In the terminal, press
c to stop the application.
You can run the application detached from the terminal by adding the
option. Inside the
python-docker directory, run the following command
in a terminal.
$ docker compose up --build -d
Open a browser and view the application at http://localhost:5000open_in_new.
You should see a simple Flask application.
In the terminal, run the following command to stop the application.
$ docker compose down
For more information about Compose commands, see the Compose CLI reference.
In this section, you learned how you can containerize and run your Python application using Docker.
In the next section, you'll learn how you can develop your application using containers.