Image Manifest V 2, Schema 1

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Image Manifest Version 2, Schema 1

This document outlines the format of of the V2 image manifest. The image manifest described herein was introduced in the Docker daemon in the v1.3.0 release. It is a provisional manifest to provide a compatibility with the V1 Image format, as the requirements are defined for the V2 Schema 2 image.

Image manifests describe the various constituents of a docker image. Image manifests can be serialized to JSON format with the following media types:

Manifest Type Media Type
manifest “application/vnd.docker.distribution.manifest.v1+json”
signed manifest “application/vnd.docker.distribution.manifest.v1+prettyjws”

Note that “application/json” will also be accepted for schema 1.

References:

Manifest Field Descriptions

Manifest provides the base accessible fields for working with V2 image format in the registry.

  • name string

    name is the name of the image’s repository

  • tag string

    tag is the tag of the image

  • architecture string

    architecture is the host architecture on which this image is intended to run. This is for information purposes and not currently used by the engine

  • fsLayers array

    fsLayers is a list of filesystem layer blob sums contained in this image.

    An fsLayer is a struct consisting of the following fields - blobSum digest.Digest

    blobSum is the digest of the referenced filesystem image layer. A
    digest must be a sha256 hash.
    
  • history array

    history is a list of unstructured historical data for v1 compatibility. It contains ID of the image layer and ID of the layer’s parent layers.

    history is a struct consisting of the following fields

    • v1Compatibility string

      V1Compatibility is the raw V1 compatibility information. This will contain the JSON object describing the V1 of this image.

  • schemaVersion int

    SchemaVersion is the image manifest schema that this image follows.

Note:the length of history must be equal to the length of fsLayers and entries in each are correlated by index.

Signed Manifests

Signed manifests provides an envelope for a signed image manifest. A signed manifest consists of an image manifest along with an additional field containing the signature of the manifest.

The docker client can verify signed manifests and displays a message to the user.

Signing Manifests

Image manifests can be signed in two different ways: with a libtrust private key or an x509 certificate chain. When signing with an x509 certificate chain, the public key of the first element in the chain must be the public key corresponding with the sign key.

Signed Manifest Field Description

Signed manifests include an image manifest and a list of signatures generated by libtrust. A signature consists of the following fields:

  • header JOSE

    A JSON Web Signature

  • signature string

    A signature for the image manifest, signed by a libtrust private key

  • protected string

    The signed protected header

Example Manifest

Example showing the official ‘hello-world’ image manifest.

{
   "name": "hello-world",
   "tag": "latest",
   "architecture": "amd64",
   "fsLayers": [
      {
         "blobSum": "sha256:5f70bf18a086007016e948b04aed3b82103a36bea41755b6cddfaf10ace3c6ef"
      },
      {
         "blobSum": "sha256:5f70bf18a086007016e948b04aed3b82103a36bea41755b6cddfaf10ace3c6ef"
      },
      {
         "blobSum": "sha256:cc8567d70002e957612902a8e985ea129d831ebe04057d88fb644857caa45d11"
      },
      {
         "blobSum": "sha256:5f70bf18a086007016e948b04aed3b82103a36bea41755b6cddfaf10ace3c6ef"
      }
   ],
   "history": [
      {
         "v1Compatibility": "{\"id\":\"e45a5af57b00862e5ef5782a9925979a02ba2b12dff832fd0991335f4a11e5c5\",\"parent\":\"31cbccb51277105ba3ae35ce33c22b69c9e3f1002e76e4c736a2e8ebff9d7b5d\",\"created\":\"2014-12-31T22:57:59.178729048Z\",\"container\":\"27b45f8fb11795b52e9605b686159729b0d9ca92f76d40fb4f05a62e19c46b4f\",\"container_config\":{\"Hostname\":\"8ce6509d66e2\",\"Domainname\":\"\",\"User\":\"\",\"Memory\":0,\"MemorySwap\":0,\"CpuShares\":0,\"Cpuset\":\"\",\"AttachStdin\":false,\"AttachStdout\":false,\"AttachStderr\":false,\"PortSpecs\":null,\"ExposedPorts\":null,\"Tty\":false,\"OpenStdin\":false,\"StdinOnce\":false,\"Env\":[\"PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin\"],\"Cmd\":[\"/bin/sh\",\"-c\",\"#(nop) CMD [/hello]\"],\"Image\":\"31cbccb51277105ba3ae35ce33c22b69c9e3f1002e76e4c736a2e8ebff9d7b5d\",\"Volumes\":null,\"WorkingDir\":\"\",\"Entrypoint\":null,\"NetworkDisabled\":false,\"MacAddress\":\"\",\"OnBuild\":[],\"SecurityOpt\":null,\"Labels\":null},\"docker_version\":\"1.4.1\",\"config\":{\"Hostname\":\"8ce6509d66e2\",\"Domainname\":\"\",\"User\":\"\",\"Memory\":0,\"MemorySwap\":0,\"CpuShares\":0,\"Cpuset\":\"\",\"AttachStdin\":false,\"AttachStdout\":false,\"AttachStderr\":false,\"PortSpecs\":null,\"ExposedPorts\":null,\"Tty\":false,\"OpenStdin\":false,\"StdinOnce\":false,\"Env\":[\"PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin\"],\"Cmd\":[\"/hello\"],\"Image\":\"31cbccb51277105ba3ae35ce33c22b69c9e3f1002e76e4c736a2e8ebff9d7b5d\",\"Volumes\":null,\"WorkingDir\":\"\",\"Entrypoint\":null,\"NetworkDisabled\":false,\"MacAddress\":\"\",\"OnBuild\":[],\"SecurityOpt\":null,\"Labels\":null},\"architecture\":\"amd64\",\"os\":\"linux\",\"Size\":0}\n"
      },
      {
         "v1Compatibility": "{\"id\":\"e45a5af57b00862e5ef5782a9925979a02ba2b12dff832fd0991335f4a11e5c5\",\"parent\":\"31cbccb51277105ba3ae35ce33c22b69c9e3f1002e76e4c736a2e8ebff9d7b5d\",\"created\":\"2014-12-31T22:57:59.178729048Z\",\"container\":\"27b45f8fb11795b52e9605b686159729b0d9ca92f76d40fb4f05a62e19c46b4f\",\"container_config\":{\"Hostname\":\"8ce6509d66e2\",\"Domainname\":\"\",\"User\":\"\",\"Memory\":0,\"MemorySwap\":0,\"CpuShares\":0,\"Cpuset\":\"\",\"AttachStdin\":false,\"AttachStdout\":false,\"AttachStderr\":false,\"PortSpecs\":null,\"ExposedPorts\":null,\"Tty\":false,\"OpenStdin\":false,\"StdinOnce\":false,\"Env\":[\"PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin\"],\"Cmd\":[\"/bin/sh\",\"-c\",\"#(nop) CMD [/hello]\"],\"Image\":\"31cbccb51277105ba3ae35ce33c22b69c9e3f1002e76e4c736a2e8ebff9d7b5d\",\"Volumes\":null,\"WorkingDir\":\"\",\"Entrypoint\":null,\"NetworkDisabled\":false,\"MacAddress\":\"\",\"OnBuild\":[],\"SecurityOpt\":null,\"Labels\":null},\"docker_version\":\"1.4.1\",\"config\":{\"Hostname\":\"8ce6509d66e2\",\"Domainname\":\"\",\"User\":\"\",\"Memory\":0,\"MemorySwap\":0,\"CpuShares\":0,\"Cpuset\":\"\",\"AttachStdin\":false,\"AttachStdout\":false,\"AttachStderr\":false,\"PortSpecs\":null,\"ExposedPorts\":null,\"Tty\":false,\"OpenStdin\":false,\"StdinOnce\":false,\"Env\":[\"PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin\"],\"Cmd\":[\"/hello\"],\"Image\":\"31cbccb51277105ba3ae35ce33c22b69c9e3f1002e76e4c736a2e8ebff9d7b5d\",\"Volumes\":null,\"WorkingDir\":\"\",\"Entrypoint\":null,\"NetworkDisabled\":false,\"MacAddress\":\"\",\"OnBuild\":[],\"SecurityOpt\":null,\"Labels\":null},\"architecture\":\"amd64\",\"os\":\"linux\",\"Size\":0}\n"
      },
   ],
   "schemaVersion": 1,
   "signatures": [
      {
         "header": {
            "jwk": {
               "crv": "P-256",
               "kid": "OD6I:6DRK:JXEJ:KBM4:255X:NSAA:MUSF:E4VM:ZI6W:CUN2:L4Z6:LSF4",
               "kty": "EC",
               "x": "3gAwX48IQ5oaYQAYSxor6rYYc_6yjuLCjtQ9LUakg4A",
               "y": "t72ge6kIA1XOjqjVoEOiPPAURltJFBMGDSQvEGVB010"
            },
            "alg": "ES256"
         },
         "signature": "XREm0L8WNn27Ga_iE_vRnTxVMhhYY0Zst_FfkKopg6gWSoTOZTuW4rK0fg_IqnKkEKlbD83tD46LKEGi5aIVFg",
         "protected": "eyJmb3JtYXRMZW5ndGgiOjY2MjgsImZvcm1hdFRhaWwiOiJDbjAiLCJ0aW1lIjoiMjAxNS0wNC0wOFQxODo1Mjo1OVoifQ"
      }
   ]
}

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