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Bonita is an open-source business process management and workflow suite

GitHub repo:

Library reference

This content is imported from the official Docker Library docs, and is provided by the original uploader. You can view the Docker Hub page for this image at

Supported tags and respective Dockerfile links

Quick reference

What is Bonita?

Bonita (called Bonita BPM till 7.5) is an open-source business process management and workflow suite created in 2001. It was started in France National Institute for Research in Computer Science, and then had incubated several years inside of the French computer science company Groupe Bull. Since 2009, the development of Bonita is supported by a company dedicated to this activity: Bonitasoft.


How to use this image

Quick start

$ docker run --name bonita -d -p 8080:8080 bonita
This will start a container running the Tomcat Bundle with Bonita Engine + Bonita Portal. With no environment variables specified, it’s as like if you have launched the bundle on your host using startup.{sh bat} (with security hardening on REST and HTTP APIs, cf Security part). Bonita uses a H2 database here.

You can access the Bonita Portal on http://localhost:8080/bonita and login using the default credentials: install / install


PostgreSQL is the recommanded database.

Set max_prepared_transactions to 100:

$ mkdir -p custom_postgres
$ echo '#!/bin/bash' > custom_postgres/
$ echo 'sed -i "s/^.*max_prepared_transactions\s*=\s*\(.*\)$/max_prepared_transactions = 100/" "$PGDATA"/postgresql.conf' >> custom_postgres/
$ chmod +x custom_postgres/

Mount that directory location as /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d inside the PostgreSQL container:

$ docker run --name mydbpostgres -v "$PWD"/custom_postgres/:/docker-entrypoint-initdb.d -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=mysecretpassword -d postgres:9.3

See the official PostgreSQL documentation for more details.

$ docker run --name bonita_postgres --link mydbpostgres:postgres -d -p 8080:8080 bonita


There are known issues with the management of XA transactions by MySQL engine and driver: see MySQL bugs 17343 and 12161 for more details. Thus, using MySQL database in a production environment is not recommended.

Increase the packet size which is set by default to 1M:

$ mkdir -p custom_mysql
$ echo "[mysqld]" > custom_mysql/bonita.cnf
$ echo "max_allowed_packet=16M" >> custom_mysql/bonita.cnf

Mount that directory location as /etc/mysql/conf.d inside the MySQL container:

$ docker run --name mydbmysql -v "$PWD"/custom_mysql/:/etc/mysql/conf.d -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=mysecretpassword -d mysql:5.5

See the official MySQL documentation for more details.

Start your application container to link it to the MySQL container:

$ docker run --name bonita_mysql --link mydbmysql:mysql -d -p 8080:8080 bonita

Modify default credentials

$ docker run --name=bonita -e "TENANT_LOGIN=tech_user" -e "TENANT_PASSWORD=secret" -e "PLATFORM_LOGIN=pfadmin" -e "PLATFORM_PASSWORD=pfsecret" -d -p 8080:8080 bonita

Now you can access the Bonita Portal on localhost:8080/bonita and login using: tech_user / secret

... via docker stack deploy or docker-compose

Example stack.yml for bonita:

# Use tech_user/secret as user/password credentials
version: '3'

    image: postgres:9.3
      POSTGRES_PASSWORD: example
    restart: always
      - -c
      - max_prepared_transactions=100
    image: bonita
      - 8080:8080
      - DB_VENDOR=postgres
      - DB_HOST=db
      - TENANT_LOGIN=tech_user
      - TENANT_PASSWORD=secret
      - PLATFORM_LOGIN=pfadmin
      - PLATFORM_PASSWORD=pfsecret
    restart: on-failure:2
      - db
      - bash
      - -c
      - |
        set -e
        echo 'Waiting for Postgres to be available'
        while [ "$$maxTries" -gt 0 ] && ! psql -h "$$DB_HOST" -U 'postgres' -c '\l'; do
            let maxTries--
            sleep 1
        if [ "$$maxTries" -le 0 ]; then
            echo >&2 'error: unable to contact Postgres after 10 tries'
            exit 1
        exec /opt/files/

Try in PWD

Run docker stack deploy -c stack.yml bonita (or docker-compose -f stack.yml up), wait for it to initialize completely, and visit http://swarm-ip:8080, http://localhost:8080, or http://host-ip:8080 (as appropriate).

Where to store data

Most of the data are stored in a database and can be stored outside the Bonita container as described above using the PostgreSQL or MySQL container. However, some data remains inside the Bonita bundle. Bonita Home is a folder, called bonita, which contains configuration, working, and temporary folders and files. There are also log files inside the logs folder till Bonita 7.8.

Important note: There are several ways to store data used by applications that run in Docker containers. We encourage users of the bonita images to familiarize themselves with the options available, including:

  • Let Docker manage the storage of your data by writing the files to disk on the host system using its own internal volume management. This is the default and is easy and fairly transparent to the user. The downside is that the files may be hard to locate for tools and applications that run directly on the host system, i.e. outside containers.
  • Create a data directory on the host system (outside the container) and mount this to a directory visible from inside the container. This places the database files in a known location on the host system, and makes it easy for tools and applications on the host system to access the files. The downside is that the user needs to make sure that the directory exists, and that directory permissions and other security mechanisms on the host system are set up correctly.

The Docker documentation is a good starting point for understanding the different storage options and variations, and there are multiple blogs and forum postings that discuss and give advice in this area. We will simply show the basic procedure here for the latter option above:

  1. Create a data directory on a suitable volume on your host system, e.g. /my/own/datadir.
  2. Start your bonita container like this:

    docker run --name some-bonita -v /my/own/datadir:/opt/bonita -d -p 8080:8080 bonita:tag

The -v /my/own/datadir:/opt/bonita part of the command mounts the /my/own/datadir directory from the underlying host system as /opt/bonita inside the container, where Bonita will deploy the bundle and write data files by default.

Migrate from an earlier version of Bonita

  • Stop the container to perform a backup

    $ docker stop bonita_7.2.3_postgres
  • For containers < 7.3.0 :

    • Check where your data are stored

      $ docker inspect bonita_7.2.3_postgres
          "Mounts": [
                  "Source": "/home/user/Documents/Docker/Volumes/bonita_7.2.3_postgres",
                  "Destination": "/opt/bonita",
                  "Mode": "",
                  "RW": true
    • Copy data from the filesystem

      $ cp -r bonita_7.2.3_postgres bonita_migration
  • Retrieve the DB container IP

    $ docker inspect --format '{{ .NetworkSettings.IPAddress }}' mydbpostgres
  • Dump the database

    $ export PGPASSWORD=mysecretpassword
    $ pg_dump -O -x -h -U postgres bonitadb > /tmp/bonitadb.sql

    Note that businessdb won’t be updated with the migration tool but you may want to also backup/move it.

  • Load the dump

    $ export PGPASSWORD=mysecretpassword
    $ psql -U postgres -h -d postgres -c "CREATE USER newbonitauser WITH PASSWORD 'newbonitapass';"
    $ psql -U postgres -h -d postgres -c "CREATE DATABASE newbonitadb OWNER newbonitauser;"
    $ export PGPASSWORD=newbonitapass
    $ cat /tmp/bonitadb.sql | psql -U newbonitauser -h newbonitadb
  • Retrieve the last migration tool

    • If you migrate to a version < 7.3.0

      • get also the target version of the Bonita bundle
      cd bonita_migration
      • Move the previous Home into the new bundle
      mv BonitaBPMCommunity-7.2.4-Tomcat-7.0.67/bonita/ BonitaBPMCommunity-7.2.4-Tomcat-7.0.67/bonita.orig
      cp -r BonitaBPMCommunity-7.2.3-Tomcat-7.0.67/bonita/ BonitaBPMCommunity-7.2.4-Tomcat-7.0.67/bonita/
    • If you migrate to a version >= 7.3.0

      cd bonita_migration
  • Configure the migration tool

    $ cd bonita-migration-distrib-2.43.0

    edit the migration tool config to point towards the copy of bonita home and db

    $ vim

    For example :

    # location of the bonita home (only useful when migration from version before 7.3.0)
  • Launch the migration

    $ cd bin
    $ ./bonita-migration-distrib
  • Launch the new container pointing towards the copy of DB and filesystem

    • If < 7.3.0
    $ docker run --name=bonita_7.2.4_postgres --link mydbpostgres:postgres -e "DB_NAME=newbonitadb" -e "DB_USER=newbonitauser" -e "DB_PASS=newbonitapass" -v "$PWD"/bonita_migration:/opt/bonita/ -d -p 8081:8080 bonita:7.2.4
    • If >= 7.3.0
    $ docker run --name=bonita_7.9.2_postgres --link mydbpostgres:postgres -e "DB_NAME=newbonitadb" -e "DB_USER=newbonitauser" -e "DB_PASS=newbonitapass" -d -p 8081:8080 bonita:7.9.2
  • Reapply specific configuration if needed, for example with a version >= 7.3.0 :

    $ docker exec -ti bonita_7.9.2_postgres /bin/bash
    $ cd /opt/bonita/BonitaCommunity-7.9.2-tomcat/setup
    $ ./ pull
    $ TENANT_LOGIN=tech_user
    $ TENANT_PASSWORD=secret
    $ PLATFORM_LOGIN=pfadmin
    $ PLATFORM_PASSWORD=pfsecret
    $ sed -e 's/^#userName\s*=.*/'"userName=${TENANT_LOGIN}"'/' \
          -e 's/^#userPassword\s*=.*/'"userPassword=${TENANT_PASSWORD}"'/' \
          -i platform_conf/current/tenants/1/tenant_engine/
    $ sed -e 's/^platform.tenant.default.username\s*=.*/'"platform.tenant.default.username=${TENANT_LOGIN}"'/' \
          -e 's/^platform.tenant.default.password\s*=.*/'"platform.tenant.default.password=${TENANT_PASSWORD}"'/' \
          -i platform_conf/current/platform_portal/
    $ sed -e 's/^#platformAdminUsername\s*=.*/'"platformAdminUsername=${PLATFORM_LOGIN}"'/' \
          -e 's/^#platformAdminPassword\s*=.*/'"platformAdminPassword=${PLATFORM_PASSWORD}"'/' \
          -i platform_conf/current/platform_engine/
    $ sed -i -e 's/^#GET|/GET|/' -e 's/^#POST|/POST|/' -e 's/^#PUT|/PUT|/' -e 's/^#DELETE|/DELETE|/' -i platform_conf/current/tenants/1/tenant_portal/
    $ ./ push
    $ docker restart bonita_7.9.2_postgres
  • Specific consideration regarding migration to Java 11 in Bonita 7.9

    Bonita 7.9 docker image runs with Java 11. If you are migrating from an earlier version which runs Java 8, you should validate on a test environment that your custom code is compatible. Aside from just code incompatibility, special attention has to be given to the dependencies of the custom code, as they might not work in Java 11.

For more details regarding Bonita migration, see the documentation.


This Docker image activates both static and dynamic authorization checks by default on REST API. To be consistent, it also deactivates the HTTP API.

For specific needs you can override this behavior by setting HTTP_API to true and REST_API_DYN_AUTH_CHECKS to false:

$ docker run  -e HTTP_API=true -e REST_API_DYN_AUTH_CHECKS=false --name bonita -d -p 8080:8080 bonita

Environment variables

When you start the bonita image, you can adjust the configuration of the Bonita instance by passing one or more environment variables on the docker run command line.


This environment variable is recommended for you to use the Bonita image. It sets the platform administrator password for Bonita. If it is not specified, the default password platform will be used.


This optional environment variable is used in conjunction with PLATFORM_PASSWORD to define the username for the platform administrator. If it is not specified, the default user platformAdmin will be used.


This environment variable is recommended for you to use the Bonita image. It sets the tenant administrator password for Bonita. If it is not specified, the default password install will be used.


This optional environment variable is used in conjunction with TENANT_PASSWORD to define the username for the tenant administrator. If it is not specified, the default user of install will be used.


This optional environment variable is used to enable/disable dynamic authorization checking on Bonita REST API. The default value is true, which will activate dynamic authorization checking.


This optional environment variable is used to enable/disable the Bonita HTTP API. The default value is false, which will deactivate the HTTP API.


This optional environment variable is used to customize JAVA_OPTS. The default value is -Xms1024m -Xmx1024m -XX:MaxPermSize=256m.


This optional environment variable is used to allow/disallow the SQL queries to automatically check and create the databases using the database administrator credentials. The default value is true.


This environment variable is automatically set to postgres or mysql if the Bonita container is linked to a PostgreSQL or MySQL database using --link. The default value is h2. It can be overridden if you don’t use the --link capability.


These variables are optional, used in conjunction to configure the bonita image to reach the database instance. There are automatically set if --link is used to run the container.


These variables are used in conjunction to create a new user, set that user’s password, and create the bonita database.

DB_NAME default value is bonitadb.

DB_USER default value is bonitauser.

DB_PASS default value is bonitapass.


These variables are used in conjunction to create a new user, set that user’s password and create the bonita business database.

BIZ_DB_NAME default value is businessdb.

BIZ_DB_USER default value is businessuser.

BIZ_DB_PASS default value is businesspass.


These variables are optional, and used in conjunction to create users and databases through the administrator account used on the database instance.

DB_ADMIN_USER if no value is provided, this is automatically set to root with MySQL or postgres with PostgreSQL.

DB_ADMIN_PASS if no value is provided, this is automatically set using the value from the linked container: MYSQL_ENV_MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD or POSTGRES_ENV_POSTGRES_PASSWORD.


DB_DROP_EXISTING and BIZ_DB_DROP_EXISTING can be used to drop existing databases in order to reuse an existing database instance.

DB_DROP_EXISTING default value is N.

BIZ_DB_DROP_EXISTING default value is N.


Since Bonita 7.9 BONITA_SERVER_LOGGING_FILE and BONITA_SETUP_LOGGING_FILE can be used to update logging configuration.

BONITA_SERVER_LOGGING_FILE default value is /opt/bonita/BonitaSubscription-${BONITA_VERSION}-tomcat/server/conf/

BONITA_SETUP_LOGGING_FILE default value is /opt/bonita/BonitaSubscription-${BONITA_VERSION}-tomcat/setup/logback.xml.

How to extend this image

If you would like to do additional initialization, you can add a *.sh script under /opt/custom-init.d. The file will source any *.sh script found in this directory to do further initialization before starting the service.

For example, you can increase the log level :

$ mkdir -p custom_bonita
$ echo '#!/bin/bash' > custom_bonita/
$ echo 'sed -i "s/^org.bonitasoft.level = WARNING$/org.bonitasoft.level = FINEST/" /opt/bonita/BonitaCommunity-7.8.4-Tomcat-8.5.34/server/conf/' >> custom_bonita/
$ chmod +x custom_bonita/

$ docker run --name bonita_custom -v "$PWD"/custom_bonita/:/opt/custom-init.d -d -p 8080:8080 bonita

Since Bonita 7.9 you can also apply a custom file like this :

docker run --name bonita \
  -v /path/to/ -e BONITA_SERVER_LOGGING_FILE=/etc/ \
  -d -p 8080:8080 bonita

Note: There are several ways to check the bonita logs. Till Bonita 7.8, one of them is

$ docker exec -ti bonita_custom /bin/bash
tail -f /opt/bonita/BonitaCommunity-7.8.4-Tomcat-8.5.34/server/logs/bonita.`date +%Y-%m-%d`.log

Since Bonita 7.9 bonita logs are redirected towards standard output and directly accessible using

$ docker logs -f bonita


Bonita image includes two parts :

As with all Docker images, these likely also contain other software which may be under other licenses (such as Bash, etc from the base distribution, along with any direct or indirect dependencies of the primary software being contained).

Some additional license information which was able to be auto-detected might be found in the repo-info repository’s bonita/ directory.

As for any pre-built image usage, it is the image user’s responsibility to ensure that any use of this image complies with any relevant licenses for all software contained within.

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