silverpeasEstimated reading time: 13 minutes
Silverpeas is a turnkey and open-source Collaborative and Social-Networking Portal.
GitHub repo: https://github.com/Silverpeas/docker-silverpeas-prod
Supported tags and respective
Where to get help:
the Silverpeas user mailing list
Where to file issues:
What is Silverpeas
Silverpeas is a Collaborative and Social-Networking Portal built to facilitate and to leverage the collaboration, the knowledge-sharing and the feedback of persons, teams and organizations.
Accessible from a simple web browser or from a smartphone, Silverpeas is used every days by ourselves. With about 30 ready-to-use applications and with its conversional and relational functions, it makes possible for users to work together, share their knowledge and good practices, and in general to improve their reciprocal empathy, therefore their willingness to collaborate.
Silverpeas is usually used as an intranet and extranet platform dedicated to collaboration and information sharing.
How to use this image
Docker images of Silverpeas require one of the following database system in order to be used:
- the open-source, powerful and recommended PostgreSQL database system,
- the Microsoft SQLServer database system,
- the Oracle database system.
The Silverpeas images support actually only the two first database systems; because of the non-free licensing issues with the Oracle JDBC drivers, Silverpeas cannot include these drivers by default and consequently it cannot use transparently an Oracle database system as a persistence backend.
For the same reasons, the Docker images of Silverpeas aren’t shipped with the Oracle JVM but with OpenJDK. Silverpeas uses the Wildfly application server as runtime.
The Silverpeas images use the following environment variables to set the database access parameters:
DB_SERVERTYPEto specify the database system to use with Silverpeas: POSTGRESQL for PostgreSQL, MSSQL for Microsoft SQLServer, ORACLE for Oracle. By default, it is set to POSTGRESQL.
DB_SERVERto specify the IP address or the name of the host on which the database system is running. By default, it is set to
database, so that any container running a database can be linked to the Silverpeas container with this name.
DB_NAMEto specify the database to use with Silverpeas. By default, it is set to
DB_USERto specify the user identifier to use by Silverpeas to access the database. By default, it is set to
silverpeas(it is recommended to dedicate a user account in the database for each application).
DB_PASSWORDto specify the password associated with the user identifier above.
These environment variables can be also defined as properties into the Silverpeas global configuration file
config.properties (see below).
Start a Silverpeas instance with a database from a Docker container
In Docker Hub, no Docker images of Microsoft SQLServer are currently available, but you will find a lot of images of PostgreSQL. For example, with an official PostgreSQL docker image, you can start a PostgreSQL instance initialized with a superuser
postgres with as password
$ docker run --name postgresql -d \ -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD="mysecretpassword" \ -v postgresql-data:/var/lib/postgresql/data \ postgres:9.6
We recommend strongly to mount the directory with the database file on the host so the data won’t be lost when upgrading PostgreSQL to a newer version (a Data Volume Container can be used instead). For any information how to start a PostgreSQL container, you can refer its documentation.
Once the database system is running, a database for Silverpeas has to be created and a user with administrative rights on this database (and only on this database) should be added; it is recommended for a security reason to create a dedicated user account in the database for each application and therefore for Silverpeas. In this document, and by default, a database
Silverpeas and a user
silverpeas for that database are created.
Start a Silverpeas instance with the default configuration
Finally, a Silverpeas instance can be started by specifying the required database access parameters with the environment variables. In the example, the database is named
Silverpeas and the priviledged user is
silverpeas with as password
$ docker run --name silverpeas -p 8080:8000 -d \ -e DB_NAME="Silverpeas" \ -e DB_USER="silverpeas" \ -e DB_PASSWORD="thesilverpeaspassword" \ -v silverpeas-log:/opt/silverpeas/log \ -v silverpeas-data:/opt/silverpeas/data \ --link postgresql:database \ silverpeas
database is the default hostname used by Silverpeas for its persistence backend. So, as the PostgreSQL database is linked here under the alias
database, we don’t have to explicitly indicate its hostname with the
DB_SERVER environment variable. The Silverpeas images expose the 8000 port and here this port is mapped to the 8080 port of the host; Silverpeas is then accessible at
http://localhost:8080/silverpeas. You can sign in Silverpeas with the administrator account
SilverAdmin and with as password
By default, some volumes are created inside the container, so that we can access them in the host. (Refers the Docker Documentation to locate them.) Among them
/opt/silverpeas/data: the first volume contains the logs produced by Silverpeas whereas the second volume contains all the data that are created and managed by the users in Silverpeas. Because the latter has already a directories structure created at image creation, a host directory cannot be mounted into the container at
opt/silverpeas/data without losing the volume’s content (the mount point overlays the pre-existing content of the volume). In our example, in order to easily locate the two volumes, we label them explicitly with respectively the labels
silverpeas-data. (Using a Data Volume Container to map
/opt/silverpeas/data is a better solution.)
Silverpeas takes some time to start, so we recommend you to glance at the logs the complete starting of Silverpeas (see the section about the logs).
Start a Silverpeas instance with a finer configuration
The Silverpeas global configuration is defined in the
/opt/silverpeas/configuration/config.properties file whose a sample can be found here or in the container directory
/opt/silverpeas/configuration/. You can explicitly create the
config.properties file with, additionally to the database access parameters (don’t forget in that case to specify the
DB_SERVER property with as value
database), your peculiar configuration parameters and then start a Silverpeas instance with this configuration file:
$ docker run --name silverpeas -p 8080:8000 -d \ -v /etc/silverpeas/config.properties:/opt/silverpeas/configuration/config.properties -v silverpeas-log:/opt/silverpeas/log \ -v silverpeas-data:/opt/silverpeas/data \ --link postgresql:database \ silverpeas
/etc/silverpeas/config.properties is your own configuration file on the host. For security reason, we strongly recommend to set explicitly the administrator’s credentials with the properties
SILVERPEAS_ADMIN_PASSWORD in the
config.properties file. (Don’t forget to set also the administrator email address with the property
Below an example of such a configuration file:
SILVERPEAS_ADMIN_LOGIN=SilverAdmin SILVERPEAS_ADMIN_PASSWORD=theadministratorpassword SILVERPEAS_ADMIN_EMAIMemail@example.com DB_SERVERTYPE=POSTGRESQL DB_SERVER=database DB_NAME=Silverpeas DB_USER=silverpeas DB_PASSWORD=thesilverpeaspassword CONVERTER_HOST=libreoffice CONVERTER_PORT=8997 SMTP_SERVER=smtp.foo.com SMTP_AUTHENTICATION=true SMTP_DEBUG=false SMTP_PORT=465 SMTP_USER=silverpeas SMTP_PASSWORD=thesmtpsilverpeaspassword SMTP_SECURE=true
Start a Silverpeas instance with a database on the host
For a database system running on the host (or on a remote host) with 192.168.1.14 as IP address, you have to specify this host both to the container at starting and to Silverpeas by defining it into its global configuration file:
$ docker run --name silverpeas -p 8080:8000 -d \ --add-host=database:192.168.1.14 \ -v /etc/silverpeas/config.properties:/opt/silverpeas/configuration/config.properties \ -v silverpeas-log:/opt/silverpeas/log \ -v silverpeas-data:/opt/silverpeas/data \ silverpeas
database is the hostname referred by the
DB_SERVER parameter in your
/etc/silverpeas/config.properties file as the host running the database system and that is mapped here to the actual IP address of this host. The hostname is added in the
/etc/hosts file in the container.
For a PostgreSQL database system, some configurations are required in order to be accessed from the Silverpeas container:
In the file
postgresql.conf, edit the parameter
listen_addressesto add the address of the PostgreSQL host (
192.168.1.14in our example)
listen_addresses = ‘localhost,192.168.1.14’
In the file
pg_hba.conf, add an entry for the Docker subnetwork
host all all 172.17.0.0/16 md5
Don’t forget to restart PostgreSQL for the changes to be taken into account.
Using a Data Volume Container
The data produced by Silverpeas mean to be persistent, available to the next versions of Silverpeas, and they have to be accessible to other containers like the one running LibreOffice. For doing, the Docker team recommends to use a Data Volume Container.
In Silverpeas, there are four types of data produced by the application:
- the logging stored in
- the user data and those produced by Silverpeas from the user data in
- the workflows created by the workflow editor in
Beside these directories, according to your specific needs, custom configuration scripts can be added in the directories
/opt/silverpeas/xmlcomponents/workflows are all defined as volumes in the Docker image.
All these different kind of data have to be consistent for a given state of Silverpeas; they form a coherent whole set. Then, defining a Data Volume Container to gather all of these volumes is a better solution over multiple shared-storage volume definitions. You can, with a such Data Volume Container, backup, restore or migrate more easily the full set of the data of Silverpeas.
To define a Data Volume Container for Silverpeas, for example:
$ docker create --name silverpeas-store \ -v silverpeas-data:/opt/silverpeas/data \ -v silverpeas-log:/opt/silverpeas/log \ -v silverpeas-workflows:/opt/silverpeas/xmlcomponents/workflows \ -v /etc/silverpeas/config.properties:/opt/silverpeas/configuration/config.properties \ silverpeas \ /bin/true
Then to mount the volumes in the Silverpeas container:
$ docker run --name silverpeas -p 8080:8000 -d \ --link postgresql:database \ --volumes-from silverpeas-store \ silverpeas
If you have to customize the settings of Silverpeas or add, for example, a new database definition, then specify these settings with the Data Volume Container, so that they will be available to the next versions of Silverpeas which will be then configured correctly like your previous Silverpeas installation:
$ docker create --name silverpeas-store \ -v silverpeas-data:/opt/silverpeas/data \ -v silverpeas-log:/opt/silverpeas/log \ -v silverpeas-properties:/opt/silverpeas/properties \ -v /etc/silverpeas/config.properties:/opt/silverpeas/configuration/config.properties \ -v /etc/silverpeas/CustomerSettings.xml:/opt/silverpeas/configuration/silverpeas/CustomerSettings.xml \ -v /etc/silverpeas/my-datasource.cli:/opt/silverpeas/configuration/jboss/my-datasource.cli \ silverpeas \ /bin/true
Some features in Silverpeas (export, preview, content visualization, ...) requires a document converter. The document converter isn’t mandatory to use Silverpeas but it gives access to additional features. The document conversion is performed in Silverpeas by the program LibreOffice running as a daemon. So, in order to enable and to use these features, you have first to use a Data Volume Container to store all the Silverpeas data and second to run a container embbeding a LibreOffice program running as a daemon. There is no official Docker images of LibreOffice but DockerHub hosts some of unofficial images of it (xcgd/libreoffice for example).
Once a Data Volume Container is created for Silverpeas as explained in the section above, you have to link it with the Docker image running LibreOffice as a daemon in order the program have access the documents to convert:
$ docker run --name libreoffice -d \ --volumes-from silverpeas-store \ xcgd/libreoffice
Check the port at which the LibreOffice image is listening and then defines it in the Silverpeas configuration. In our example,
xcgd/libreoffice listens by default the port 8997. The configuration parameters to communicate with LibreOffice are defined by the two following properties:
CONVERTER_HOSTis either the IP address or the name of the host in which runs LibreOffice,
CONVERTER_PORTis the port number at which the LibreOffice daemon listens.
These properties have to be defined in the Silverpeas global configuration file
config.properties that is mounted in the Data Volume Container:
Then the Docker image of Silverpeas can be ran:
$ docker run --name silverpeas -p 8080:8000 -d \ --link postgresql:database \ --link libreoffice:libreoffice \ --volumes-from silverpeas-store \ silverpeas
You can follow the activity of Silverpeas by watching the logs generated in the mounted
The output of Wildfly is redirected into the container standard output and so it can be watched as following:
$ docker logs -f silverpeas
Silverpeas takes some time to start, so we recommend you to glance at the logs for the complete starting of Silverpeas.
View license information for the software contained in this image.
Silverpeas uses FLOSS softwares. These are (in a non exhaustive list):
- Libraries under the MIT license like JQuery and Angular JS.
- Libraries and applications under the Apache 2.0 license like the Apache Commons libraries and the Image Magick tool.
- Libraries and applications under the GPL/LGPL license like SWFTools, FlexPaper Flash GPL, LibreOffice, OpenJDK.
As with all Docker images, these likely also contain other software which may be under other licenses (such as Bash, etc from the base distribution, along with any direct or indirect dependencies of the primary software being contained).
Some additional license information which was able to be auto-detected might be found in the
As for any pre-built image usage, it is the image user’s responsibility to ensure that any use of this image complies with any relevant licenses for all software contained within.library, sample, silverpeas