XWiki

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XWiki: The Advanced Open Source Enterprise Wiki.

GitHub repo: https://github.com/xwiki-contrib/docker-xwiki

Library reference

This content is imported from the official Docker Library docs, and is provided by the original uploader. You can view the Docker Store page for this repo at https://store.docker.com/images/xwiki.

Supported tags and respective Dockerfile links

For detailed information about the published artifacts of each of the above supported tags (image metadata, transfer size, etc), please see the repos/xwiki directory in the docker-library/repo-info GitHub repo.

For more information about this image and its history, please see the relevant manifest file (library/xwiki). This image is updated via pull requests to the docker-library/official-images GitHub repo.

What is XWiki

XWiki is a free wiki software platform written in Java with a design emphasis on extensibility. XWiki is an enterprise wiki. It includes WYSIWYG editing, OpenDocument based document import/export, semantic annotations and tagging, and advanced permissions management.

As an application wiki, XWiki allows for the storing of structured data and the execution of server side script within the wiki interface. Scripting languages including Velocity, Groovy, Python, Ruby and PHP can be written directly into wiki pages using wiki macros. User-created data structures can be defined in wiki documents and instances of those structures can be attached to wiki documents, stored in a database, and queried using either Hibernate query language or XWiki’s own query language.

XWiki.org’s extension wiki is home to XWiki extensions ranging from code snippets which can be pasted into wiki pages to loadable core modules. Many of XWiki Enterprise’s features are provided by extensions which are bundled with it.

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Introduction

The goal is to provide a production-ready XWiki system running in Docker. This is why:

  • The OS is based on Debian and not on some smaller-footprint distribution like Alpine
  • Several containers are used with Docker Compose: one for the DB and another for XWiki + Servlet container. This allows the ability to run them on different machines for example.

How to use this image

You should first install Docker on your machine.

Then there are several options:

  1. Pull the xwiki image from DockerHub.
  2. Get the sources of this project and build them.

Pulling existing image

You need to run 2 containers:

  • One for the XWiki image
  • One for the database image to which XWiki connects to

Using docker run

Start by creating a dedicated docker network:

docker network create -d bridge xwiki-nw

Then run a container for the database and make sure it’s configured to use an UTF8 encoding. The following databases are supported out of the box:

  • MySQL
  • PostgreSQL

Starting MySQL

The command below will also configure the MySQL container to save its data on your localhost in a /my/own/mysql directory:

docker run --net=xwiki-nw --name mysql-xwiki -v /my/own/mysql:/var/lib/mysql -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=xwiki -e MYSQL_USER=xwiki -e MYSQL_PASSWORD=xwiki -e MYSQL_DATABASE=xwiki -d mysql:5.7 --character-set-server=utf8 --collation-server=utf8_bin --explicit-defaults-for-timestamp=1

You should adapt the command line to use the passwords that you wish for the MySQL root password and for the xwiki user password.

Starting PostgreSQL

The command below will also configure the PostgreSQL container to save its data on your localhost in a /my/own/postgres directory:

docker run --net=xwiki-nw --name postgres-xwiki -v /my/own/postgres:/var/lib/postgresql/data -e POSTGRES_ROOT_PASSWORD=xwiki -e POSTGRES_USER=xwiki -e POSTGRES_PASSWORD=xwiki -e POSTGRES_DB=xwiki -e POSTGRES_INITDB_ARGS="--encoding=UTF8" -d postgres:9.5

You should adapt the command line to use the passwords that you wish for the PostgreSQL root password and for the xwiki user password.

Starting XWiki

Then run XWiki in another container by issuing one of the following command.

For MySQL:

docker run --net=xwiki-nw --name xwiki -p 8080:8080 -v /my/own/xwiki:/usr/local/xwiki -e DB_USER=xwiki -e DB_PASSWORD=xwiki -e DB_DATABASE=xwiki -e DB_HOST=mysql-xwiki xwiki:mysql-tomcat

For PostgreSQL:

docker run --net=xwiki-nw --name xwiki -p 8080:8080 -v /my/own/xwiki:/usr/local/xwiki -e DB_USER=xwiki -e DB_PASSWORD=xwiki -e DB_DATABASE=xwiki -e DB_HOST=postgres-xwiki xwiki:postgres-tomcat

Be careful to use the same DB username, password and database names that you’ve used on the first command to start the DB container. Also, please don’t forget to add a -e DB_HOST= environment variable with the name of the previously created DB container so that XWiki knows where its database is.

At this point, XWiki should start in interactive blocking mode, allowing you to see logs in the console. Should you wish to run it in “detached mode”, just add a “-d” flag in the previous command.

docker run -d --net=xwiki-nw ...

Using docker-compose

Another solution is to use the Docker Compose files we provide.

For MySQL

  • wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/xwiki-contrib/docker-xwiki/master/8/mysql-tomcat/mysql/xwiki.cnf: This will download the MySQL configuration (UTF8, etc)
    • If you don’t have wget or prefer to use curl: curl -fSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/xwiki-contrib/docker-xwiki/master/8/mysql-tomcat/mysql/xwiki.cnf -o xwiki.cnf
  • wget -O docker-compose.yml https://raw.githubusercontent.com/xwiki-contrib/docker-xwiki/master/docker-compose-mysql.yml
    • If you don’t have wget or prefer to use curl: curl -fSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/xwiki-contrib/docker-xwiki/master/docker-compose-mysql.yml -o docker-compose.yml
  • You can edit the compose file retrieved to change the default username/password and other environment variables.
  • docker-compose up

For reference here’s a minimal Docker Compose file using MySQL that you could use as an example (full example here):

version: '2'
networks:
  bridge:
    driver: bridge
services:
  web:
    image: "xwiki:mysql-tomcat"
    container_name: xwiki-mysql-tomcat-web
    depends_on:
      - db
    ports:
      - "8080:8080"
    environment:
      - DB_USER=xwiki
      - DB_PASSWORD=xwiki
      - DB_HOST=xwiki-mysql-db
    volumes:
      - xwiki-data:/usr/local/xwiki
    networks:
      - bridge
  db:
    image: "mysql:5.7"
    container_name: xwiki-mysql-db
    volumes:
      - ./xwiki.cnf:/etc/mysql/conf.d/xwiki.cnf
      - mysql-data:/var/lib/mysql
    environment:
      - MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=xwiki
      - MYSQL_USER=xwiki
      - MYSQL_PASSWORD=xwiki
      - MYSQL_DATABASE=xwiki
    networks:
      - bridge
volumes:
  mysql-data: {}
  xwiki-data: {}

For PostgreSQL

  • wget -O docker-compose.yml https://raw.githubusercontent.com/xwiki-contrib/docker-xwiki/master/docker-compose-postgres.yml
    • If you don’t have wget or prefer to use curl: curl -fSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/xwiki-contrib/docker-xwiki/master/docker-compose-postgres.yml -o docker-compose.yml
  • You can edit the compose file retrieved to change the default username/password and other environment variables.
  • docker-compose up

For reference here’s a minimal Docker Compose file using PostgreSQL that you could use as an example (full example here):

version: '2'
networks:
  bridge:
    driver: bridge
services:
  web:
    image: "xwiki:postgres-tomcat"
    container_name: xwiki-postgres-tomcat-web
    depends_on:
      - db
    ports:
      - "8080:8080"
    environment:
      - DB_USER=xwiki
      - DB_PASSWORD=xwiki
      - DB_HOST=xwiki-postgres-db
    volumes:
      - xwiki-data:/usr/local/xwiki
    networks:
      - bridge
  db:
    image: "postgres:9.5"
    container_name: xwiki-postgres-db
    volumes:
      - postgres-data:/var/lib/postgresql/data
    environment:
      - POSTGRES_ROOT_PASSWORD=xwiki
      - POSTGRES_PASSWORD=xwiki
      - POSTGRES_USER=xwiki
      - POSTGRES_DB=xwiki
      - POSTGRES_INITDB_ARGS="--encoding=UTF8"
    networks:
      - bridge
volumes:
  postgres-data: {}
  xwiki-data: {}

Building

This allows you to rebuild the XWiki docker image locally. Here are the steps:

  • Install Git and run git clone https://github.com/xwiki-contrib/docker-xwiki.git or download the sources from the GitHub UI. Then go to the directory corresponding to the docker tag you wish to use. For example: cd 8/mysql-tomcat
    • The 8/mysql-tomcat directory will get you the latest released XWiki version of the 8.x cycle running on Tomcat and for MySQL.
    • The 8/postgres-tomcat directory will get you the latest released XWiki version of the 8.x cycle running on Tomcat and for MySQL.
    • The 9/mysql-tomcat directory will get you the latest released XWiki version of the 9.x cycle running on Tomcat and for MySQL.
    • etc.
  • Run docker-compose up
  • Start a browser and point it to http://localhost:8080

Note that if you want to set a custom version of XWiki you can edit the .env file and set the values you need in there. It’s also possible to override them on the command line with docker-compose run -e "XWIKI_VERSION=8.4.4".

Note that docker-compose up will automatically build the XWiki image on the first run. If you need to rebuild it you can issue docker-compose up --build. You can also build the image with docker build . -t xwiki-mysql-tomcat:latest for example.

Details for the xwiki image

Configuration Options

The first time you create a container out of the xwiki image, a shell script (/usr/local/bin/docker-entrypoint.sh) is executed in the container to setup some configuration. The following environment variables can be passed:

  • DB_USER: The user name used by XWiki to read/write to the DB.
  • DB_PASSWORD: The user password used by XWiki to read/write to the DB.
  • DB_DATABASE: The name of the XWiki database to use/create.
  • DB_HOST: The name of the host (or docker container) containing the database. Default is “db”.

Passing JVM options

It’s possible to pass JVM options to Tomcat by defining the JAVA_OPTS environment property.

For example to debug XWiki, you could use:

docker run --net=xwiki-nw --name xwiki -p 8080:8080 -v xwiki:/usr/local/xwiki -e DB_USER=xwiki -e DB_PASSWORD=xwiki -e DB_DATABASE=xwiki -e DB_HOST=mysql-xwiki -e JAVA_OPTS="-Xdebug -Xnoagent -Djava.compiler=NONE -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,server=y,suspend=y,address=5005" -p 5005:5005 xwiki

Notice the mapping of the port with p 5005:5005 which expose the port and thus allows you to debug XWiki from within your IDE for example.

Miscellaneous

Volumes:

If you don’t map any volume when using docker run or if you use docker-compose then Docker will create some internal volumes attached to your containers as follows.

  • Two volumes are created:
    • A volume named <prefix>_mysql-data or <prefix>_postgres-data that contains the database data.
    • A volume named <prefix>_xwiki-data that contains XWiki’s permanent directory.
  • To find out where those volumes are located on your local host machine you can inspect them with docker volume inspect <volume name>. To find the volume name, you can list all volumes with docker volume ls.

  • Note that on Mac OSX, Docker runs inside the xhyve VM and thus the paths you get when inspecting the volumes are relative to this. Thus, you need to get into that VM if you need to access the volume data.

MySQL:

  • To issue some mysql commands:
    • Find the container id with docker ps
    • Execute bash in the mysql container: docker exec -it <containerid> bash -l
    • Once inside the mysql container execute the mysql command: mysql --user=xwiki --password=xwiki

License

XWiki is licensed under the LGPL 2.1.

The Dockerfile repository is also licensed under the LGPL 2.1.

Supported Docker versions

This image is officially supported on Docker version 17.04.0-ce.

Support for older versions (down to 1.6) is provided on a best-effort basis.

Please see the Docker installation documentation for details on how to upgrade your Docker daemon.

User Feedback

Support

Contributing

Documentation

Documentation for this image is stored in the xwiki/ directory of the docker-library/docs GitHub repo. Be sure to familiarize yourself with the repository’s README.md file before attempting a pull request.

library, sample, XWiki