JSON File logging driver

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By default, Docker captures the standard output (and standard error) of all your containers, and writes them in files using the JSON format. The JSON format annotates each line with its origin (stdout or stderr) and its timestamp. Each log file contains information about only one container.

Usage

To use the json-file driver as the default logging driver, set the log-driver and log-opt keys to appropriate values in the daemon.json file, which is located in /etc/docker/ on Linux hosts or C:\ProgramData\docker\config\daemon.json on Windows Server. For more about +configuring Docker using daemon.json, see +daemon.json.

The following example sets the log driver to json-file and sets the max-size option.

{
  "log-driver": "json-file",
  "log-opts": {
    "max-size": "10m"
  }
}

Restart Docker for the changes to take effect for newly created containers. Existing containers will not use the new logging configuration.

You can set the logging driver for a specific container by using the --log-driver flag to docker create or docker run:

$ docker run \
      -–log-driver json-file --log-opt max-size=10m \
      alpine echo hello world

Options

The json-file logging driver supports the following logging options:

OptionDescriptionExample value
max-sizeThe maximum size of the log before it is rolled. A positive integer plus a modifier representing the unit of measure (k, m, or g). Defaults to -1 (unlimited).--log-opt max-size=10m
max-fileThe maximum number of log files that can be present. If rolling the logs creates excess files, the oldest file is removed. Only effective when max-size is also set. A positive integer. Defaults to 1.--log-opt max-file=3
labelsApplies when starting the Docker daemon. A comma-separated list of logging-related labels this daemon will accept. Used for advanced log tag options.--log-opt labels=production_status,geo
envApplies when starting the Docker daemon. A comma-separated list of logging-related environment variables this daemon will accept. Used for advanced log tag options.--log-opt env=os,customer
env-regexSimilar to and compatible with env. A regular expression to match logging-related environment variables. Used for advanced log tag options.--log-opt env-regex=^(os|customer).

Examples

This example starts an alpine container which can have a maximum of 3 log files no larger than 10 megabytes each.

$ docker run -it --log-opt max-size=10m --log-opt max-file=3 alpine ash
json-file, docker, logging, driver